18 terms

# Lesson 1 Unit 2

#### Terms in this set (...)

BCE
(timeline)
Before Current Era
Or before 2000 years ago.
Cartogram
A map that adjusts the size of a country to show an amount of a topic (e.g., total number of people)
Demography
The study of population characteristics (e.g., using information about total numbers of people, births, deaths, and growth rate for countries
Population distribution
The arrangement of people inside a country or in the world (e.g., Where do more people live? Where do fewer people live?)
Population Dot Map
A map that shows the distribution of population within countries by using dots (e.g., one dot represents 10,000 in 2010 and 104,000 in 2015)
Fertility Rate
The average number of children that woman has during her life (e.g., 2.1 in some countries, 4.5 in other countries.
Natural Increase
Calculation of change in a country's total number of people in a given year (e.g., number of births minus number of deaths)
Population density
The number of people who live inside an area (e.g., "population per square mile" which is calculated by dividing the number of people in a country by the total landara of the country)
Population growth
Change in total number of people living in a place between two years where the earlier year had a smaller number (e.g., 100,000 in 2010 and 104,000 in 2015)
Population Decline
Change in total number of people living in a place between two years where the earlier year had a larger number (e.g., 200,000 in 2010 and 180,000 in 2015)
Birth rate
Annual number of births in a country per each 1,000 people who live in the country
Death rate
Annual number of deaths in a country per each 1,000 people who live in the country
Employment sectors
The types of jobs that people have (e.g., in framing, in manufacturing)
Growth rate
How much a country's population has increased (or decreased) in the past year, usually expressed as a percent
Percent employed in agriculture
The portion of people who are over age 15 who earn most of their income by working in farming
Population characteristics
Characteristics of people who live in a country (e.g., total number of people, births and deaths in a particular year, how many children the average mother has, percent of adults who work in agriculture)
Population projection
Estimate about the future (e.g., guessing what a country's population will be in the future based on current information about fertility rate, birth rate, or growth rate)
Replacement (of population)
When a mother and father have two (or more) children, they have replaced themselves