Upgrade to remove ads
AP Gov section one vocab and learning targets
Terms in this set (34)
The institutions through which public
policies are made for a society
Goods and services, such as clean air
and clean water, that by their nature
cannot be denied to anyone.
The process determining the leaders
we select and the policies they
pursue. Politics produces authoritative
decisions about public issues.
All the activities by which citizens
attempt to influence the selection of
political leaders and the policies they
pursue. Voting is the most common
means of political participation in a
democracy. Other means include contacting
public officials, protest, and
Groups that have a narrow interest on
which their members tend to take an
The process by which policy comes
into being and evolves. People's interests,
problems, and concerns create
political issues for government policymakers.
These issues shape policy,
which in turn impacts people, generating
more interests, problems, and
The political channels through which
people's concerns become political
issues on the policy agenda. In the
United States, linkage institutions
include elections, political parties,
interest groups, and the media.
The issues that attract the serious
attention of public officials and other
people involved in politics at a point
An issue that arises when people
disagree about a problem and how to
The branches of government charged
with taking action on political
issues. The U.S. Constitution established
three policymaking institutions—Congress,
and the courts. Today, the power of
the bureaucracy is so great that most
political scientists consider it a fourth
A choice that government makes in
response to a political issue. A policy
is a course of action taken with regard
to some problem.
The effects a policy has on people and
problems. Impacts are analyzed to see
how well a policy has met its goal and
at what cost.
A system of selecting policymakers
and of organizing government so that
policy represents and responds to the
A fundamental principle of traditional
democratic theory. In a democracy,
choosing among alternatives requires
that the majority's desire be respected.
A principle of traditional democratic
theory that guarantees rights to those
who do not belong to majorities.
A basic principle of traditional democratic
theory that describes the relationship
between the few leaders and
the many followers.
A theory of American democracy
emphasizing that the policymaking
process is very open to the participation
of all groups with shared interests,
with no single group usually
dominating. Pluralists tend to believe
that as a result, public interest generally
A theory of American democracy
contending that an upper-class elite
holds the power and makes policy,
regardless of the formal governmental
A theory of American democracy
contending that groups are so strong
that government, which gives in to
the many different groups, is thereby
A condition that occurs when interests
conflict and no coalition is strong
enough to form a majority and establish
policy, so nothing gets done.
An overall set of values widely shared
within a society.
gross domestic product
The sum total of the value of all the
goods and services produced in a year
in a nation.
How should we govern? What should government do?
What are the two fundamental questions about governing that serve as themes throughout the textbook?
Provide public goods and services.
Socialize the young.
Maintain national defense
List the 5 functions that all national governments perform.
Who: Voters, candidates, groups, parties.
What: Substance of politics and government- benefits, such as medical care for the elderly, burdens, such as new taxes.
How: Voting, supporting, compromising, lobbying, not participating
When: Now or in the future
Give examples of the "who, what, when, and how" of politics.
parties, elections, interest groups, and the MEDIA
List 4 key linkage institutions in a democratic society.
It changes regularly with the news headlines.
How does a government's policy agenda change?
(Legislative)Congress, the president(executive), the courts(judicial), and bureaucracy (non elected officials)
List the 4 major policy making institutions in the United States.
Equality in voting, effective participation, enlightened understanding, citizen control of the agenda, inclusion.
List the 5 cornerstones of an ideal democracy.
Majority rule: meaning the policies made should reflect the will over half the voters.
Minority rights: Restraints on the majority; guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities.
Explain what is meant by majority rule and minority rights.
Issues become more complex. Participation in the government is limited. Campaign costs rise. Political interests are very diverse.
List the major challenges facing American democracy.
The overall set of values widely shared within American society. It's important because shared beliefs brings us together as a country. Elements of the creed include dogmatic and even theological lucidity in the Declaration of Independence.
It's crucial because Americans are so diverse in terms of ancestry, religion,. And heritage, the political culture of the united states is especially crucial to understanding its government.
What is "political culture" and why is it crucial to understanding American government?
Liberty (freedom), egalitarianism (everyone has a chance to succeed at life), Individualism (people can and should go ahead on their own), Laissez-Faire (free markets), Populism (emphasis on people)
List 5 elements of the American creed according to Seymour Martin Lipset.
An intense commitment to a candidate, a culture, or an ideology that sets the people in one group definitively apart from people in another, rival group.
A divided America encourages our enemies, disheartened our allies, and saps our resolve - potentially to fatal effect.
Explain what is meant by a "culture war."
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP American Government Chapter 1
Government in America 16th A.P. Edition Chapter 1
AP Gov Pearson Chapter 1
AP Government Chapter 1 Vocab
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Marketing Chapter 1 Exam Review
Product/Service Management Performance Indicators
Marketing Chapter 21: Distribution
Marketing chapter 1 quiz