54 terms

Vocab Test 2018 All Terms

Specious - adj.
1. Superficially plausible, but actually wrong

2. Misleading in appearance; especially misleadingly attractive

Synonym: misleading, deceptive, spurious

Antonym: unambiguous, genuine
Spurious - adj.
Not being what it purports to be; false or fake

Synonym: fake, false, counterfeit, fraudulent, misleading, specious

Antonym: genuine
Progressive - n. and adj.
1. adj. only -- Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step

2. n. and adj. -- Favoring or implementing social reform or new, liberal ideas; favoring or promoting change or innovation
Assimilation - n.
1. Take in information, ideas, or culture and understand fully, make them one's own

2. Absorb and integrate people, ideas, or culture into a wider society or culture

Synonym: integration

Antonym: rejection, alienation
Nativism - n.
1. Policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants

2. A return to or emphasis on traditional or local customs, in opposition to outside influences
Patronage - n.
1. Support given by a patron (a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity)

2. Power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges
Populism - n.
1. Political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people

2. Belief in and concern for the views of ordinary people
Prodigious - adj.
Remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree

Synonym: immense, tremendous, exceptional

Antonym: small, unexceptional
Supercilious - adj.
Behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others

Synonym: arrogant, haughty, pompous, conceited

Antonym: humble, modest, unpretentious
Accolade - n.
An award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgement of merit; an expression of praise or admiration

Synonym: honor, award, tribute, commendation, praise, kudos

Antonym: contempt, shame, dishonor, condemnation
Cosmopolitan - adj. and n.
1. Familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures; having an exciting or glamorous character associated with travel and a mixture of cultures

2. As a noun, a cosmopolitan person

Synonym: worldly, international, cultivated, cultured, sophisticated

Antonym: homespun, rustic, unsophisticated, unrefined
Haughty - adj.
Arrogantly superior and disdainful

Synonym: supercilious, conceited, snobbish

Antonym: humble
Imperialism - n.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Lithe - adj.
Thin, supple, and graceful

Synonym: agile, nimble, deft, limber

Antonym: clumsy, rigid
Mobilization - n.
1. Act of preparing and organizing troops for active service (warfront)

2. Act of organizing and encouraging people to act in a particular way in order to bring about a particular objective; act of bringing resources into use in order to achieve a particular goal (homefront)

Synonym: deployment, incitement

Antonym: inaction
Nationalism - n.
Patriotic feelings, principles, or efforts

Synonym: patriotism, jingoism (jingoism = extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy)
Nigh - adj. and adv.
Near (adj. and adv.) or almost (adv.)
Parapet - n.
1. A low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony

2. A protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place for the concealment of troops

Synonym: balustrade, barricade, rampart, bulwark, embankment, bastion

Antonym: opening
Quaver - v. and n.
Verb: shake or tremble in speaking, typically through nervousness or emotion

Noun: a shake or tremble in a person's voice

Synonym: tremble, waver, quiver

Antonym: steady/steadiness, firmness
Sardonic - adj.
Grimly mocking or cynical

Synonym: satirical, sarcastic, derisive, caustic

Antonym: sincere, kind
Sedition - n.
Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or sovereign

Synonym: subversion, provocation, insurrection, mutiny, insurgence

Antonym: submission, obedience
Contemptuous, disrespectful, or scornful ridicule or mockery.

Synonym: ridicule, scorn, insult, disrespect, unkindness
Ant: flattery, praise, kindness, appreciation
Very strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.

Syn: condemnation, denunciation, disapproval
Ant: approval, support
1. to make an unpleasant feeling less intense
2. to satisfy an appetite or desire

Syn: alleviate, relieve, ease, soothe, satisfy, gratify
Ant: aggravate, intensify
To make suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe

Syn: assuage, reduce, ease, relieve, diminish, lessen
Ant: aggravate
To teach a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically; to brainwash.

Syn: brainwash, propagandize, inculcate
(TO) SECEDE - v.
To withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization

Syn: withdraw, split, disaffiliate (which means end official connection) from
Ant: join, affiliate (which means officially attach or connect) with
To bring under domination or control, especially by conquest; to make someone or something subordinate to (to subordinate = to treat or regard as of lesser importance / to make subservient to or dependent upon)

Syn: conquer, defeat, crush, enslave
Ant: liberate
To undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution)

Syn: destabilize, sabotage, damage
Ant: strengthen, fortify
ADAMANT - adj.
Refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind

Syn: unwavering, uncompromising, resolute, resolved, unrelenting
Ant: flexible, variable
1. The act of taking something for one's own use, typically without the owner's permission

2. A sum of money or total of assets devoted to a special purpose

Syn: confiscation, sequestration, seizure, requisition
Ant: bestowal (which means something given as an honor, right, or gift)
1. Courtesy and considerate behavior toward others

2. An association of nations for their mutual benefit or the mutual recognition by nations of the laws and customs of others

Syn: civility, respectfulness, courteousness
Ant: rudeness, disrespectfulness

Syn: alliance, coalition, union, confederation
1. strange or odd; unusual

2. belonging exclusively to, particular to; referring to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people

Syn: characteristic of, typical of, indicative of, distinctive, special

Syn: bizarre, weird
Ant: ordinary
A very steep rock face or cliff, typically a tall one

Syn: ledge, cliff, height
Ant: valley, gorge, ravine
(to) abdicate
v. (for a monarch) to renounce one's throne
v. to fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty)

Syn: resign, relinquish, renounce Ant: accept, take on
(to) absolve
v. to set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility

Syn: exonerate, acquit, exempt, forgive Ant: blame, condemn, punish
(to) acquiesce
v. to accept something reluctantly but without protest

Syn: concede, yield, submit Ant: refuse
adj. based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system

Syn: capricious, unreasoned, discretionary, subjective
Ant: reasoned, rational
(to) ascertain
v. to find something out for certain; make sure of

Syn: deduce, discern, determine, confirm Ant: disprove, invalidate
(to) assent
1. n. expression of approval or agreement
2. v. express approval or agreement, typically officially

Syn: agreement, approval
Ant: dissent, refusal
adj. required by law or a rule; obligatory

Syn: obligatory, mandatory, required Ant: optional, prohibited
(to) derive
v. to obtain something; to get

Syn: obtain, acquire, procure Ant: give, forfeit
(to) disparage
v. to regard or represent as being of little worth; belittle

Syn: denigrate, undervalue, underrate Ant: praise, overrate
1. n. a thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist; something that is required beforehand.
2. adj. required before something else can exist or happen.

Syn: 1. n. requirement, qualification
Ant: 1. No real antonym for noun form.
(to) prohibit
v. to formally forbid by law, rule, or other authority

Syn: proscribe, forbid, ban Ant: permit, authorize
(to) proscribe
v. to forbid, especially by law.
v. to denounce, to condemn.

Syn: prohibit, forbid, disallow, criticize, censure Ant: allow, permit, accept
noun: a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome. If you're impetuous or imprudent, then you're not thinking of the ramifications of your actions.

Syn: consequence, result, effect, implication, outcome
Ant: cause, origin, source
n. morally correct behavior or thinking, righteousness

Syn: righteousness, virtue, integrity Ant: indecency, immorality
(to) redress
v. to remedy or set right; rectify

Syn: correct, remedy Ant: damage
(to) relinquish
v. to voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up

Syn: renounce, give up, hand over Ant: retain, keep
adj. lasting only for a short time; impermanent

Syn: temporary, short-lived, ephemeral, brief, momentary
Ant: permanent
adj. present, appearing or found everywhere. iPhones are ubiquitous, for example.

Syn: pervasive, omnipresent, ever-present Ant: rare
adj. spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people; widespread. iPhones are also pervasive.

Syn: ubiquitous, prevalent, permeating Ant: rare
(to) usurp
v. to take a position of power or importance illegally or by force; supplant

Syn: supplant, commandeer, seize Ant: release, relinquish