Vocab Test 2018 All Terms
Terms in this set (54)
Specious - adj.
1. Superficially plausible, but actually wrong
2. Misleading in appearance; especially misleadingly attractive
Synonym: misleading, deceptive, spurious
Antonym: unambiguous, genuine
Spurious - adj.
Not being what it purports to be; false or fake
Synonym: fake, false, counterfeit, fraudulent, misleading, specious
Progressive - n. and adj.
1. adj. only -- Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step
2. n. and adj. -- Favoring or implementing social reform or new, liberal ideas; favoring or promoting change or innovation
Assimilation - n.
1. Take in information, ideas, or culture and understand fully, make them one's own
2. Absorb and integrate people, ideas, or culture into a wider society or culture
Antonym: rejection, alienation
Nativism - n.
1. Policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants
2. A return to or emphasis on traditional or local customs, in opposition to outside influences
Patronage - n.
1. Support given by a patron (a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity)
2. Power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges
Populism - n.
1. Political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people
2. Belief in and concern for the views of ordinary people
Prodigious - adj.
Remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree
Synonym: immense, tremendous, exceptional
Antonym: small, unexceptional
Supercilious - adj.
Behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others
Synonym: arrogant, haughty, pompous, conceited
Antonym: humble, modest, unpretentious
Accolade - n.
An award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgement of merit; an expression of praise or admiration
Synonym: honor, award, tribute, commendation, praise, kudos
Antonym: contempt, shame, dishonor, condemnation
Cosmopolitan - adj. and n.
1. Familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures; having an exciting or glamorous character associated with travel and a mixture of cultures
2. As a noun, a cosmopolitan person
Synonym: worldly, international, cultivated, cultured, sophisticated
Antonym: homespun, rustic, unsophisticated, unrefined
Haughty - adj.
Arrogantly superior and disdainful
Synonym: supercilious, conceited, snobbish
Imperialism - n.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Lithe - adj.
Thin, supple, and graceful
Synonym: agile, nimble, deft, limber
Antonym: clumsy, rigid
Mobilization - n.
1. Act of preparing and organizing troops for active service (warfront)
2. Act of organizing and encouraging people to act in a particular way in order to bring about a particular objective; act of bringing resources into use in order to achieve a particular goal (homefront)
Synonym: deployment, incitement
Nationalism - n.
Patriotic feelings, principles, or efforts
Synonym: patriotism, jingoism (jingoism = extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy)
Nigh - adj. and adv.
Near (adj. and adv.) or almost (adv.)
Parapet - n.
1. A low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony
2. A protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place for the concealment of troops
Synonym: balustrade, barricade, rampart, bulwark, embankment, bastion
Quaver - v. and n.
Verb: shake or tremble in speaking, typically through nervousness or emotion
Noun: a shake or tremble in a person's voice
Synonym: tremble, waver, quiver
Antonym: steady/steadiness, firmness
Sardonic - adj.
Grimly mocking or cynical
Synonym: satirical, sarcastic, derisive, caustic
Antonym: sincere, kind
Sedition - n.
Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or sovereign
Synonym: subversion, provocation, insurrection, mutiny, insurgence
Antonym: submission, obedience
DERISION - n.
Contemptuous, disrespectful, or scornful ridicule or mockery.
Synonym: ridicule, scorn, insult, disrespect, unkindness
Ant: flattery, praise, kindness, appreciation
DISAPPROBATION - n.
Very strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.
Syn: condemnation, denunciation, disapproval
Ant: approval, support
(TO) ASSUAGE - v.
1. to make an unpleasant feeling less intense
2. to satisfy an appetite or desire
Syn: alleviate, relieve, ease, soothe, satisfy, gratify
Ant: aggravate, intensify
(TO) ALLEVIATE - v.
To make suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe
Syn: assuage, reduce, ease, relieve, diminish, lessen
(TO) INDOCTRINATE - v.
To teach a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically; to brainwash.
Syn: brainwash, propagandize, inculcate
(TO) SECEDE - v.
To withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization
Syn: withdraw, split, disaffiliate (which means end official connection) from
Ant: join, affiliate (which means officially attach or connect) with
(TO) SUBJUGATE - v.
To bring under domination or control, especially by conquest; to make someone or something subordinate to (to subordinate = to treat or regard as of lesser importance / to make subservient to or dependent upon)
Syn: conquer, defeat, crush, enslave
(TO) SUBVERT - v.
To undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution)
Syn: destabilize, sabotage, damage
Ant: strengthen, fortify
ADAMANT - adj.
Refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind
Syn: unwavering, uncompromising, resolute, resolved, unrelenting
Ant: flexible, variable
APPROPRIATION - n.
1. The act of taking something for one's own use, typically without the owner's permission
2. A sum of money or total of assets devoted to a special purpose
Syn: confiscation, sequestration, seizure, requisition
Ant: bestowal (which means something given as an honor, right, or gift)
COMITY - n.
1. Courtesy and considerate behavior toward others
2. An association of nations for their mutual benefit or the mutual recognition by nations of the laws and customs of others
Syn: civility, respectfulness, courteousness
Ant: rudeness, disrespectfulness
Syn: alliance, coalition, union, confederation
PECULIAR - adj.
1. strange or odd; unusual
2. belonging exclusively to, particular to; referring to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people
Syn: characteristic of, typical of, indicative of, distinctive, special
Syn: bizarre, weird
PERENNIAL - adj.
A very steep rock face or cliff, typically a tall one
Syn: ledge, cliff, height
Ant: valley, gorge, ravine
v. (for a monarch) to renounce one's throne
v. to fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty)
Syn: resign, relinquish, renounce Ant: accept, take on
v. to set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility
Syn: exonerate, acquit, exempt, forgive Ant: blame, condemn, punish
v. to accept something reluctantly but without protest
Syn: concede, yield, submit Ant: refuse
adj. based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system
Syn: capricious, unreasoned, discretionary, subjective
Ant: reasoned, rational
v. to find something out for certain; make sure of
Syn: deduce, discern, determine, confirm Ant: disprove, invalidate
1. n. expression of approval or agreement
2. v. express approval or agreement, typically officially
Syn: agreement, approval
Ant: dissent, refusal
adj. required by law or a rule; obligatory
Syn: obligatory, mandatory, required Ant: optional, prohibited
v. to obtain something; to get
Syn: obtain, acquire, procure Ant: give, forfeit
v. to regard or represent as being of little worth; belittle
Syn: denigrate, undervalue, underrate Ant: praise, overrate
1. n. a thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist; something that is required beforehand.
2. adj. required before something else can exist or happen.
Syn: 1. n. requirement, qualification
Ant: 1. No real antonym for noun form.
v. to formally forbid by law, rule, or other authority
Syn: proscribe, forbid, ban Ant: permit, authorize
v. to forbid, especially by law.
v. to denounce, to condemn.
Syn: prohibit, forbid, disallow, criticize, censure Ant: allow, permit, accept
noun: a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome. If you're impetuous or imprudent, then you're not thinking of the ramifications of your actions.
Syn: consequence, result, effect, implication, outcome
Ant: cause, origin, source
n. morally correct behavior or thinking, righteousness
Syn: righteousness, virtue, integrity Ant: indecency, immorality
v. to remedy or set right; rectify
Syn: correct, remedy Ant: damage
v. to voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up
Syn: renounce, give up, hand over Ant: retain, keep
adj. lasting only for a short time; impermanent
Syn: temporary, short-lived, ephemeral, brief, momentary
adj. present, appearing or found everywhere. iPhones are ubiquitous, for example.
Syn: pervasive, omnipresent, ever-present Ant: rare
adj. spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people; widespread. iPhones are also pervasive.
Syn: ubiquitous, prevalent, permeating Ant: rare
v. to take a position of power or importance illegally or by force; supplant
Syn: supplant, commandeer, seize Ant: release, relinquish