54 terms

Vocab Test 2018 All Terms

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Specious - adj.
1. Superficially plausible, but actually wrong

2. Misleading in appearance; especially misleadingly attractive

Synonym: misleading, deceptive, spurious

Antonym: unambiguous, genuine
Spurious - adj.
Not being what it purports to be; false or fake

Synonym: fake, false, counterfeit, fraudulent, misleading, specious

Antonym: genuine
Progressive - n. and adj.
1. adj. only -- Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step

2. n. and adj. -- Favoring or implementing social reform or new, liberal ideas; favoring or promoting change or innovation
Assimilation - n.
1. Take in information, ideas, or culture and understand fully, make them one's own

2. Absorb and integrate people, ideas, or culture into a wider society or culture

Synonym: integration

Antonym: rejection, alienation
Nativism - n.
1. Policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants

2. A return to or emphasis on traditional or local customs, in opposition to outside influences
Patronage - n.
1. Support given by a patron (a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity)

2. Power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges
Populism - n.
1. Political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people

2. Belief in and concern for the views of ordinary people
Prodigious - adj.
Remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree

Synonym: immense, tremendous, exceptional

Antonym: small, unexceptional
Supercilious - adj.
Behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others

Synonym: arrogant, haughty, pompous, conceited

Antonym: humble, modest, unpretentious
Accolade - n.
An award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgement of merit; an expression of praise or admiration

Synonym: honor, award, tribute, commendation, praise, kudos

Antonym: contempt, shame, dishonor, condemnation
Cosmopolitan - adj. and n.
1. Familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures; having an exciting or glamorous character associated with travel and a mixture of cultures

2. As a noun, a cosmopolitan person


Synonym: worldly, international, cultivated, cultured, sophisticated

Antonym: homespun, rustic, unsophisticated, unrefined
Haughty - adj.
Arrogantly superior and disdainful

Synonym: supercilious, conceited, snobbish

Antonym: humble
Imperialism - n.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Lithe - adj.
Thin, supple, and graceful

Synonym: agile, nimble, deft, limber

Antonym: clumsy, rigid
Mobilization - n.
1. Act of preparing and organizing troops for active service (warfront)

2. Act of organizing and encouraging people to act in a particular way in order to bring about a particular objective; act of bringing resources into use in order to achieve a particular goal (homefront)

Synonym: deployment, incitement

Antonym: inaction
Nationalism - n.
Patriotic feelings, principles, or efforts

Synonym: patriotism, jingoism (jingoism = extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy)
Nigh - adj. and adv.
Near (adj. and adv.) or almost (adv.)
Parapet - n.
1. A low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony

2. A protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place for the concealment of troops

Synonym: balustrade, barricade, rampart, bulwark, embankment, bastion

Antonym: opening
Quaver - v. and n.
Verb: shake or tremble in speaking, typically through nervousness or emotion

Noun: a shake or tremble in a person's voice

Synonym: tremble, waver, quiver

Antonym: steady/steadiness, firmness
Sardonic - adj.
Grimly mocking or cynical

Synonym: satirical, sarcastic, derisive, caustic

Antonym: sincere, kind
Sedition - n.
Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or sovereign

Synonym: subversion, provocation, insurrection, mutiny, insurgence

Antonym: submission, obedience
DERISION - n.
Contemptuous, disrespectful, or scornful ridicule or mockery.

Synonym: ridicule, scorn, insult, disrespect, unkindness
Ant: flattery, praise, kindness, appreciation
DISAPPROBATION - n.
Very strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.

Syn: condemnation, denunciation, disapproval
Ant: approval, support
(TO) ASSUAGE - v.
1. to make an unpleasant feeling less intense
2. to satisfy an appetite or desire

Syn: alleviate, relieve, ease, soothe, satisfy, gratify
Ant: aggravate, intensify
(TO) ALLEVIATE - v.
To make suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe

Syn: assuage, reduce, ease, relieve, diminish, lessen
Ant: aggravate
(TO) INDOCTRINATE - v.
To teach a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically; to brainwash.

Syn: brainwash, propagandize, inculcate
(TO) SECEDE - v.
To withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization

Syn: withdraw, split, disaffiliate (which means end official connection) from
Ant: join, affiliate (which means officially attach or connect) with
(TO) SUBJUGATE - v.
To bring under domination or control, especially by conquest; to make someone or something subordinate to (to subordinate = to treat or regard as of lesser importance / to make subservient to or dependent upon)

Syn: conquer, defeat, crush, enslave
Ant: liberate
(TO) SUBVERT - v.
To undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution)

Syn: destabilize, sabotage, damage
Ant: strengthen, fortify
ADAMANT - adj.
Refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind

Syn: unwavering, uncompromising, resolute, resolved, unrelenting
Ant: flexible, variable
APPROPRIATION - n.
1. The act of taking something for one's own use, typically without the owner's permission

2. A sum of money or total of assets devoted to a special purpose

Syn: confiscation, sequestration, seizure, requisition
Ant: bestowal (which means something given as an honor, right, or gift)
COMITY - n.
1. Courtesy and considerate behavior toward others

2. An association of nations for their mutual benefit or the mutual recognition by nations of the laws and customs of others

Syn: civility, respectfulness, courteousness
Ant: rudeness, disrespectfulness

Syn: alliance, coalition, union, confederation
PECULIAR - adj.
1. strange or odd; unusual

2. belonging exclusively to, particular to; referring to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people

Syn: characteristic of, typical of, indicative of, distinctive, special

Syn: bizarre, weird
Ant: ordinary
PERENNIAL - adj.
A very steep rock face or cliff, typically a tall one

Syn: ledge, cliff, height
Ant: valley, gorge, ravine
(to) abdicate
v. (for a monarch) to renounce one's throne
v. to fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty)

Syn: resign, relinquish, renounce Ant: accept, take on
(to) absolve
v. to set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility

Syn: exonerate, acquit, exempt, forgive Ant: blame, condemn, punish
(to) acquiesce
v. to accept something reluctantly but without protest

Syn: concede, yield, submit Ant: refuse
arbitrary
adj. based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system

Syn: capricious, unreasoned, discretionary, subjective
Ant: reasoned, rational
(to) ascertain
v. to find something out for certain; make sure of

Syn: deduce, discern, determine, confirm Ant: disprove, invalidate
(to) assent
1. n. expression of approval or agreement
2. v. express approval or agreement, typically officially

Syn: agreement, approval
Ant: dissent, refusal
compulsory
adj. required by law or a rule; obligatory

Syn: obligatory, mandatory, required Ant: optional, prohibited
(to) derive
v. to obtain something; to get

Syn: obtain, acquire, procure Ant: give, forfeit
(to) disparage
v. to regard or represent as being of little worth; belittle

Syn: denigrate, undervalue, underrate Ant: praise, overrate
prerequisite
1. n. a thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist; something that is required beforehand.
2. adj. required before something else can exist or happen.

Syn: 1. n. requirement, qualification
Ant: 1. No real antonym for noun form.
(to) prohibit
v. to formally forbid by law, rule, or other authority

Syn: proscribe, forbid, ban Ant: permit, authorize
(to) proscribe
v. to forbid, especially by law.
v. to denounce, to condemn.

Syn: prohibit, forbid, disallow, criticize, censure Ant: allow, permit, accept
ramification
noun: a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome. If you're impetuous or imprudent, then you're not thinking of the ramifications of your actions.

Syn: consequence, result, effect, implication, outcome
Ant: cause, origin, source
rectitude
n. morally correct behavior or thinking, righteousness

Syn: righteousness, virtue, integrity Ant: indecency, immorality
(to) redress
v. to remedy or set right; rectify

Syn: correct, remedy Ant: damage
(to) relinquish
v. to voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up

Syn: renounce, give up, hand over Ant: retain, keep
transient
adj. lasting only for a short time; impermanent

Syn: temporary, short-lived, ephemeral, brief, momentary
Ant: permanent
ubiquitous
adj. present, appearing or found everywhere. iPhones are ubiquitous, for example.

Syn: pervasive, omnipresent, ever-present Ant: rare
pervasive
adj. spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people; widespread. iPhones are also pervasive.

Syn: ubiquitous, prevalent, permeating Ant: rare
(to) usurp
v. to take a position of power or importance illegally or by force; supplant

Syn: supplant, commandeer, seize Ant: release, relinquish
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