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Honors Advanced Biology Chapter 8; 8.1-8.4
Terms in this set (17)
Specific messages, sequences of DNA bases about how to make proteins are...
Controls metabolic generative, responsive, control, generative
Why would scientists say that genetic info controls all FOUR processes of life?
Who discovered nucleic acid?
Who named nucleic acids?
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
Who gave DNA it's identity?
Store info, protein, mutate, and replicate
Genetic material must _____ ____ to give us our traits, direct the making of _______, ______ for future generations, and replicate.
Most of our traits are a direct result of
Polymer, same, monomer
PO4, sugar, N base
Nucleic acids are _______, because they are all ____. These pieces are called _______. Each has a ___, _____, _____.
Shape of a DNA?
Bases are held together by
Sugar PO4 bonds
Sides of DNA molecules are held together by
Thymine and adenine
Info, DNA replication
We need copies of DNA for all of our new ___________ and for the new offspring. Process when a cell copies DNA is ______________
DNA poly. edit and repairs new DNA
Enzymes find incorrect nucleotide and replace them.
DNA is considered almost error free. How does DNA polymearase help with this. What happens if polymearase cant.
A set of three bases in DNA that codes for one amino acid is a....
Ribose, one, uracil, PO4.
RNA is also a nucleic acid. However unlike DNA its sugar is ______, it only has ___ strand. Has adenine, cytosine, guanine, and ______ as bases. Like DNA it still contains a ___ group.
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