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22 terms

harcourt horizons world history grade 6 Ch2 Lesson 1-3

STUDY
PLAY
descendant
a person who is descended from a certain ancestor; children's children
band
small groups of people made up of related families
consequence
a result
extinct
no longer living; having died out
technology
the use of knowledge and skills to make the work of everyday life easier
artifact
objects made by people, especially from a long time ago
specialize
each person did one kind of task
domesticate
tame plants and animals for human use
livestock
domesticated animals that provide resources
nomad
people with no settled home
pastoral society
nomadic herders that travel from place to place with their animals
cultivate
take care of plants in small gardens
agriculture
raising of domesticated animals and plants for use by people
slash and burn
to cut and burn forest lands to to gain new farmland
obsidian
black volcanic rock from the mountains
oasis
a place in the desert that has a dependable supply of water
import
trade goods brought in from other places
export
trade goods sent to other places
complex society
society with a reliable food source, established laws, customs, and job specialization
ziggurat
stepped tower built by ancient Sumerians as a temple to a god
city-state
a city and the area around it
civilization
complex society with developed forms of religion, ways of governing, and centers of learning