15 terms

Vocabulary #15: Immigration

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Nativism
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Assimilation
The process of adapting or adjusting to the culture of a group or nation
Know Nothing Party
Political Party that was anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant
Chinese Exclusion Act
This law, passed in 1882, forbade any laborers from China to enter the United States for 10 years
Gentleman's Agreement
1907 agreement between the United States and Japan that restricted Japanese immigration
Emergency Quota Act 1921
Limited Immigration by basing it on ethnic identity and national origins.
Based on the 1910 census
National Origins Act 1924
Restricted the number of Southern and Eastern European immigrants
Immigration Act of 1965
Law that ended quotas for individual countries and replaced them with more flexible limits, Created by President Lyndon Johnson
Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
Penalized employers of undocumented aliens and granted pardoned most that were already here, Created by President Reagan
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA or Dream Act)
Allowed individuals who came into the country as minors, and had either entered or remained in the country illegally, to receive a renewable permission to stay in the country and to be eligible for a work permit
Refugee
Person who flees to another country to escape persecution or disaster
Sanctuary City
A city that limits its cooperation with the national government effort to enforce immigration law.
Travel Ban (aka Executive Order 13780)
Limits travel to the U.S. from certain countries, and by all refugees who do not possess either a visa or valid travel documents (Created by President Trump in 2017)
Deportation
The act of a government sending a migrant out of its country and back to the migrant's home country
Naturalized
To allow someone who was born in a different country to become a citizen
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