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The Enjoyment of Music: Medieval and Renaissance

The Enjoyment of Music by Kristine Forney and Joseph Machlis.
STUDY
PLAY
Middle Ages
476-1450
Patronage
getting money from the church for your music
-ALL sacred music
Texture
layers of music
-monophonic--> one sound
-polyphonic--> many sounds
-homophonic--> one main sound with an accompaniment
-can be chordal--> multiple parts moving in the same rhythm
Gregorian chang
aka Planchant or Plainsong
Syllabic
every syllable gets its own note
neumatic
two or three notes per syllable of text
mellysmatic
more than three notes per syllable of text
antiphonal
alternating two choirs
-kind of like a call and response for the church
Leonin and Perotin
-created the new way to read music
-created staff and spaces
-wrote the first legible notated music
-created polyphony
-They were monks at the Cathedral of Notre Dame
chansons
French love song
Renaissance
the enlightenment period
-shift from sacred to secular music
-musicians worked in churches, cities and courts
-rise of merchants who sold instruments
Musical Styles of the Renaissance
-a capella
-cantus firmus
-polyphony is based on continuous imitation (singing in rounds. think of row your boat)
Cantus Firmus
fixed melody
word painting
expressive device
music reflect the words
-if the music sounds sad then the words sound sad as well
vernacular
the language of the land
-mass was not in the vernacular, it was in Latin
Requiem
mass for the dead
-mass for special services
Italian Madrigal
-genre
-sung secularly
English Madrigal
-genre
-sung
-light, happy sounding
-have the syllables "fa-la-la" (Think "Deck the Halls")
Fair Phyllis
Song
-Composer: Farmer
-Genre: English Madrigal
-characteristics: word painting
-first words are "Fair Phyllis"