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Terms in this set (62)
What year did white settlement push most Indians from the Great Plains and the Frontier?
What was the Bureau of Indian Affairs?
It was charged for caring for Indians, however it was mostly corrupt
What was the Dawes Act of 1887?
It offered farms and school to reservation Indians--it attempted to assimilate Indians into white culture
What was the Cattle "Kingdom?"
movement of cattle from the Southwest to railheads "shipping points" in Kansas
What happened in 1885-1886 in the Cattle "Kingdom?"
Cold winter and summer drought killed off most of the cattle
What was another reason the Cattle "Kingdom" ended
Railroads extended into the Southwest, therefor there was no need for cowboys
What was the Homestead Act?
1862-gave 160 acres to anyone who would farm the land for atleast 5 years
How many people relocated to the West by 1890?
Over 3 million
What were "bonanza farms?"
Huge farms financed by outside corporations
Who were exodusters?
Black farmers who migrated to Kansas from the South after the Civil War
Where were the major gold strikes?
CA, SD, CO
Where were the major silver strikes?
NV, ID, AZ
Where and what were "boomtowns?"
mining towns (VA City, NV, & Tombstone AZ)
Where was the last mining boom?
gold in the Klondike region of Alaska
What was the "Turner Thesis?"
If it hadn't been for the Frontier, America wouldn't have been able to survive because it offered an asylum for opressed people in cities.
What year did the Frontier "close?"
What is "To a Locomotive in Winter?"
Poem by Walt Whitman that pays tribute to the locomotive
How does Whitman's descriptions animate the locomotive?
He personifies it
Why is the locomotive the "pulse of the continent?"
The locomotive connects the USA
Why does Whitman focus on the train during the winter?
He is insinuating that the train runs at ALL times of the year, no matter how bad/dark it is outside.
What might the locomotive represent?
American spirit / Industrial U.S.
What ways does the locomotive symbolize the Industrial U.S.?
The Industrial U.S. never took a break, and was always working... He describes the locomotive as very modern
Why did Native Americans and settlers come into conflict?
The U.S offered cheap land for immigrants/U.S. citizens in the Homestead Act
What was a cowboy's life like?
Cowboys raised and herded cattle for 12-14 hours every day. They would travel for months bringing cattle to sell in Kansas,
How did settlers change the U.S.?
They made the Great Plains fertile with government tools and new technology?
Describe the rise and fall of populism?
Populism rose up to try and support farmers w/o money, however, Urban voters feared it would mean rising prices, so theire candidate won.
Populist candidate: William Jennings Bryan
Which states west of the Mississippi River were no lands held by America Indians in 1864?
Iowa and Missouri
Which state was held entirely by Indians in 1864?
Which state had the most Indian held lands in 1894?
What portion of OK remained in Indian hands in 1906?
Who was Geronimo?
Apache warrior and medicine man... surrender in 1886 marked end of Indian Wars... White Americans feared/hated him... followers hailed him as a courageous leader
What was Geronimo trained to do as a youth? How did this help him in his adult life?
Geronimo trained as a warrior. This helped him b/c he fought Mexican / American battles.
What was remarkable about Geronimo's resistance to the takeover of Apache lands?
The government granted them land, but they often escaped and sparked battles/raids on Americans.
How did Geronimo spend the last years of his life?
He spent the last years of his life as a tourist attraction
What premonition did Black Elk have of the tragedy to come?
He spent most of the time walking around before he couldn't sleep
Although the Indians thought they rescued the women and children, what actually happened to them?
They were killed trying to get to safety.
How did Black Elk react to the massacre?
He wished he were also dead, but he wanted revenge.
How would you describe Black Elk's tone in narrating these events? How does it contribute or detract from your understandings of the incident?
Black Elk is detached, but still sad which adds to the overall sadness of the event
Why do the grandmother and the narrator go to visit the Shimerdas?
Make their acquaintance and bring food
In what ways are the Shimerdas at a disadvantage being the first Bohemian family in the area?
They got gipped on land
What is the narrator's attitude of "My Antonia?"
The narrator is wonderstruck by the land--she describes the land like a "fairytale"
Why is Mrs. Shimerda so upset when she answers the door?
She is upset b/c of their poor living conditions
How would you describe the life of the Shimerdas?
They live in subtle poverty b/c they do not have sufficient food or shelter
What did Dunbar think would happen to the Frontier?
He thought it would be industrialized
Why did the post-commander commit suicide?
He went crazy living in the West
How did Dunbar's guide view the Plains Indians?
He saw them as worthless
When the Pawnee saw the smoke from the fire, what did they do?
They followed the smoke and ended up killing Dunbar's guide
What do the Sioux initially think about Dunbar?
They view him as a potential asset to strike treaties / get medicine
Why did the tribal warriors react the way they did when Dunbar brought the woman to the village?
They realized that Dunbar was only there to return the hurt woman, and that he meant them no harm.
Why does't Stands With a Fist try to remember Englsih?
Her family was killed by the Pawnee and the memories are painful
What is the most important thing Dunbar does to help his new friends?
Communication, food, medicine, diplomacy
How do the Sioux react when Dunbar comes to tell them about the buffalo?
They beat up Dunbar b/c he interrupted a prayer ceremony
What happened to the Plains Buffalo?
They were killed by white hunters for their tongues
How did the Plains Indians feel about the buffalo being killed?
They were heartbroken
Explain the importance of trade to the Sioux
Trades his coat for a neckpiece... and traids his hat for a belt... Trade is very important to Sioux
What great honor was given to Dunbar?
He was entrusted with watching over Kicking Bird's family
Sioux wedding ritual
Very efficient--30 days in tent
What concerns Kicking Bird throughout the film?
Whether the white people are coming
Why was Dunbar worried about leaving his journal at the fort?
It had evidence of his life with the Sioux
Why did soldiers treat him the way they did when Dunbar returned to camp?
He was dressed as a Sioux, and in their eyes had deffected to the enemy
Why did the army decide to send Dunbar to Fort Hayes?
To serve as an interpreter
How did Dunbar act at the creek?
He joined the Sioux in killing the officers.
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