Integumentary Chapter 53
Terms in this set (43)
Four steps in a wound culture
(1) Use sterile saline to remove excess drainage. (2) Use sterile calcium alginate swab in rotating motion and diagonal pattern 10 times across entire surface of wound. (3) Avoid swabbing over eschar. (4) Place swab in culture tube.
What is a cyst?
A closed sac or pouch with solid, semisolid, or liquid contents.
What is an ulcer?
An open sore that extends into the dermis, suck as a pressure ulcer.
Finger-like projections that extend upward from the dermis.
What is a fissure?
A slit or crack-like sore that extends into the dermis.
Lesions that are grouped in a circle.
Lesions that are separate and distinct from each other.
The outer most layer of skin, made of stratified squamous epithelial tissue.
The inner, deeper layer, is composed of connective tissue.
Layer between dermis and muscle, made of connective and adipose tissues.
A layer of subcutaneous tissue, beneath the skin, made of lose connective tissue and adipose tissue.
Thickening and hardening of skin from continued irritation.
A fluid-filled vesicle or blister that is bigger than 1 cm.
The part of the hair that extends above the skin's
The part of the hair that lies within the sheath of the epidermis. They have a rich nerve and blood supply.
Bulb or Root
Buried in the dermis. It is the lowest part of the hair and where its growth occurs.
The smooth muscle attached to each hair follicle.
A(n) _________________ is a transient elevation of skin caused by dermal edema, such as those seen in hives or mosquito bites.
A(n) ________________ is a small, blister-like lesion, up to 1 cm in size, that contains serous fluid; it is commonly seen on chicken pox.
Dermatitis can cause traumatized abrasions of the epidermis, called _______________.
Tiny reddish-purple hemorrhagic spots are called __________.
Sunburn can cause skin redness, or ______________.
________________ refers to bruising in which affected skin color changes from blue-black to green or yellow over time.
Lesions that form a mesh-like network have a(n) ______________ configuration.
Skin _________ is a measure of skin elasticity and is a good indicator of hydration.
A solid raised lesion led than 1 cm, such as a wart or mole, is called a(n) _____________.
A flat, nonpalpable change in skin color, such as a freckle, is called a(n) ________________.
Which protein gives skin its characteristic color?
What are effects of aging on the integumentary system?
Wrinkles develop, Skin becomes thinner, Hair follicles become inactive, Subcutaneous fat decreases
Which method is useful for applying medication to large areas of skin?
Used to check for bacteria, fungi, and viruses. It can be done using a sample of blood, tissue, stool, urine, or other fluid from the body.
A sample of tissue taken from the body in order to examine it more closely.
Wood's Light Examination
A test that uses ultraviolet (UV) light to look at the skin closely
How was wood's light examination preformed?
You sit in a dark room for this test. The test is usually done in a skin doctor's (dermatologist) office. The doctor will turn on the Wood's lamp and hold it 4 to 5 inches from the skin to look for color changes.
This test is usually done to identify allergies to pollen, mold, pet dander, dust mites and foods. In adults, the test is usually done on the forearm.
Open Wet Dressings
Used to decrease redness, itching, burning and weeping of skin lesions and help to make you more comfortable. Keep body warm during treatment.
History of Skin Disorders, Risk Factors, Hair, Nails, Medication, Exposure, WHAT'S UP?
Inspection and Palpation
- Vascular markings
When is the best time for the nurse to apply prescribed ointment to a patient with an inflamed skin rash?
After the patient bathes
Which nursing interventions are essential to achieve maximum benefit got the patient receiving balneotherapy for widespread dermatitis?
Keep the patient in the water for 15 to 30 minutes. Keep the tub room warm. Use gentle or emollient soaps.
Which term should the nurse use to document a raised fluid-filled lesion smaller than 1 cm?
What equipment is most important to have readily available when a patient is undergoing skin testing for allergies?
Which nursing intervention is essential to protecting the patient's skin integrity when applying occlusive dressing?
Remove the dressings for 12 of every 24 hours.