Terms in this set (62)
General beliefs of philosophes
LEF: liberty, equality, fraternity
"Man is born ________ and everywhere he is in _______"
"I ______ of what you say, bit I will defend to the _____ your _____ to say."
Disapprove, death, right
Two causes of the French Revolution:
Inept ruler, high taxes
How are the enlightenment and Renaissance humanism different?
Philosophers have lack of religious belief
Why did basso continuo disappear?
Too complicated for amateurs
What did "God Save the King" become?
"My Country Tis of Thee"
Name three important composers from the Classical period:
Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn
No bending to singers wishes, natural transitions, SIMPLIFY
Composer who led reform of opera
Only Baroque dance to survive Classical period (Louis XIV)
French Revolution spread
Liberty, equality, fraternity
What is the Old Regime?
Form of government in France before the revolution
How many estates were there during the Old Regime?
Three (Clergy, nobles, peasants)
Who were the privileged estates? Who paid most of the taxes and feudal dues?
The 1st and 2nd Estate; the 3rd Estate
What was the order of Napoleon's "titles"?
General > First Counsul > Emperor
What was the importance of the Napoleonic Code?
Established equality under law, still exists as the basis of law in some countries
French Revolution impacted history by spreading
Enlightenment ideals of democracy and nationalism
The reign of terror's primary weapon
What country did Napoleons Continental System try to block trade with?
Napoleon contributed to the ____________ revolution by conquering _________ and weakening its control over the colonies
South American; Spain
Why did Beethoven change the name of his third Symphony from Bonaparte to Eroica?
Napoleon crowned himself emperor
What did Beethoven supposedly die from?
What political meeting welcomed Beethoven's music?
Congress of Vienna
What was considered Beethoven's best piece?
Approximately how many symphonies did Haydn write?
At what age did Mozart book his first tour?
What was Mozart's final piece?
The enlightened despot that told Mozart he had too many quotes
A government with separation of powers and elected officials
Haydn was born in
Wad of Buffoons was misunderstood by Ben Franklin
Thought they were just arguing about opera instead of politics
The first part of Sonata form
Mozart was born in
Mozart excelled in
The order in which the piece was published
Bach-Abel concerts defined ancient as
"More than 20 years old"
What helped France go broke before their revolution?
Helping the American revolution
During the classical period Poland was divided into
Prussia Russia Austria
What was invented during the classical period to help spread knowledge?
How did Joseph II reforms affect the musical culture of Vienna?
Shorter church services. Simpler music.
What have the themes/development from sonata form been compared to?
What enlightened ideal was made popular in the symphony?
Philosophes were from
Philosophes were inspired by
Big reason of success of French Rev.
Bourgeoisie (educated middle class)
The seven years war left who defeated and who in control of the colonies?
France defeated; Britain in control
What Englishman wrote about a contract between the governed and the government?
What 1776 American document uses the ideals of the enlightenment?
Declaration of Independence
Classical style elements first appeared in
What is the enlightenment?
Intellectual movement aimed to solve problems using reason, thought, and power of the individual
Music capital during the classical period
What letter did Beethoven write his brothers when he realized he was going deaf?
Most important invention
Musical consequence of industrial rev.
More affordable pianos
Dates of the classical period
1750 - 1827
Haydn traveled ______ in his career to _____ and was treated a celebrity.
French Revolution consequences to musical culture
Constitution set to music, national anthem written, foreigners not welcome
Beethoven was ____ when the revolution started
Beethoven noticed healing loss in his late