11 terms

GCSE Food supply overview 2

STUDY
PLAY
Agribusiness
Application of business skills to agriculture.
Carbon footprint
A measurement of all the greenhouse gases we individually produce, through burning fossil fuels for electricity, transport etc. expressed as tonnes (or kg) of carbon-dioxide equivalent.
Food miles
The distance covered supplying food to consumers.
Organic farming
Farming that strictly limits the use of artificial chemicals used. Increased in popularity in the UK
Benefits of organic farming
more sustainable food production method, reduces the intensification of food production and encourages a more local approach
In organic farming fertile soils developed
By rotating crops and using compost, manure and clover
Air freight
The paid movement of cargo by aircraft, increasingly used to move food
Carbon Dioxide and Nitrous Oxides
Gasses produced in moving food to the UK by ships or airplanes
Food security
The ability of individuals to obtain sufficient food on a day-to-day basis, has increased thanks to globalisation and agribusiness
Local food production
Such as buying British, using local food markets or growing your own on allotments can reduce food miles
Agribusiness increase food supplies by
Increasing in size by buying up smaller farms, removing hedgerows and draining wetlands, producing one crop or animal in monocultures in big quantities and applying huge amounts of chemicals in the form of fertilisers and pesticides