History U.S. Important documents 2
Terms in this set (16)
rights people have by virtue of being human; cannot be taken away or even given up; Life, Liberty, and Property; often include free speech, freedom of religion, protection against torture, protection in court
social contract theory
government is created as an agreement between the leaders and the people.
Hobbes argued that people need protection, and so had to agree to submit to absolute leaders who would provide safety and security.
Locke argued that people had -- by virtue of being human -- natural rights-- and the social contract was formed between people (who agreed to support a form of government) and government (who agreed to provide safety and security, and protection natural rights).
Locke believed that if government failed to protect people's natural rights, that broke the social contract, and people could break off from that government and start a new one.
Locke believed that if government failed to protect people's natural rights, that broke the social contract, and people could break off from that government and start a new one. The old government would no longer be _____________
when a leader abuses and monopolizes power
Enlightenment philosophers tended to argue that people could __________--they could decide what their interests or goals were, and they could choose they could make their own choices (political or otherwise)
a member of a colony; often used to describe on of the inhabitants of the 13 British colonies that became the United States of America.
English Bill of Rights
In 1689, established a set of rights for English citizens (right to property, right to trial, right to bear arms, right to know why you are detained (habeas corpus).
Influenced the colonists because it gave them a basis to argue that they had rights as British citizens, and the King was infringing upon those rights.
One of the first governments of the United States, an agreement made by the settlers of Plymouth (now Massachusetts), signed before they disembarked (got off) the Mayflower.
The Compact reflected the principles of "will of the majority" and of the social contract.
A book by Thomas Paine that argued that Britain should not and did not have great power over colonists; that England was too far away to government the colonies properly; that Europe and not England was the parent country of America, because immigrants came from all over for "civil and religious liberties"; and that there were no economic or security benefits to being a colony of Britain.
a person who has been granted citizenship in a country. Usually based on either being born in the country, or having parents who are citizens of that country, or immigrating to a country and becoming a "naturalized" citizen.
Common Sense quotes
What book are these quotes from:
"To be always running three or four thousand miles with a tale or a petition, waiting four or five months for an answer, which when obtained requires five or six more [months] to explain it in, will in a few years be looked upon as folly and childishness—There was a time when it was proper, and there is a proper time for it to cease ... England [belongs] to Europe, America to itself.""
That there was no benefit to being a colony of England.
Common Sense was written by Thomas Paine to persuade colonists of what?
Parliament / colonial assemblies
Thomas Paine wrote that "the pretended power of suspending the laws or the execution [carrying out] of laws by regal [the king's] authority without consent of Parliament is illegal."
He meant that the king could not make laws for the colonies without _____________________ support (and, even then, when the colonies had representation in Parliament).
This author wrote Common Sense, and is sometimes called "The Father of the Revolution."
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that focused on attacking England/King George III. It was the most widely read pamphlet of the American Revolution. Paine argued that
* the British court was corrupt
* they made laws without consulting Parliament
* the Americans were not given representation
* Europe was really the more important thing, becuase people of all places in Europe immigrated to the American colonies for freedom and liberty.
He also became involved in the French Revolution. He was arrested in 1793 by Robespierre's forces.
the principle that popular majorities are important but limited in power, because they choose people to represent them, and those representatives are the ones that make policy.
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