2. Basic Principles of the Constitution


Terms in this set (...)

popular sovereignty
governmental authority is derived from the people. Under this principle, government governs with the
consent of the governed
limited government
holds that a government can only exercise the powers granted to it. Government must be conducted according to the rule of law
system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and constituent units. Under the U.S. Constitution, this principle is reflected in the division of powers between the national government and the states.
separation of powers
distribution of powers among independent branches - each branch has a specific powers and responsibilities
checks and balances
system for controlling government power - branches of government have the ability to
restrain certain actions of other branches
supporters of the stronger national government who advocated the ratification of the Constitution
opponents of ratification of the Constitution who believed state governments should retain more power
judicial review
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional