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Terms in this set (13)
emerged in Mesopotamia some time after 4000 BCE. Their maps typically showed local areas
shortly after 1000 BCE, maps began to cover more than small local areas for the first time. The greeks were the first to become geographically mobile and to establish colonies. Greek scholars initiated two major geographic traditions. 1) literary: written descriptions of the known world.
2) mathematical: by the fifth century BCE Greeks knew that the earth was a sphere, and in the second century BCE Eratosthenes calculated circumference of the earth. Shortly after Hipparchus devised a grid system of imaginary lines on the earths surface based on the poles and the equator. These lines called Longitude and Latitude
Coined the word geography, and often considered the father of geography. He also wrote a book describing the known world.
Angular distance on the surface of the earth measuring degrees, minutes, and seconds. east and west of the prime meridian, lines of constant longitude are called meridians
Angular distance on the surface of the earth, measured in degrees, minutes and seconds, north and south of the equator, lines of constant latitude are called parallels.
The roots of the word 'geography' mean?
to write about the world
The doctrine that everything in the world has been designed by God; (for humans) also refers to the study of purposiveness in the world and to a recurring theme in history such as progress or class.
Geography In China
differed from the european equivalent in that the Chinese cultural always viewed the individual as a part of nature. Instead of apart from nature like the greeks and europeans.
The European Decline
Much of the knowledge of the Greeks was lost by Midieval Europeans. The ancient greek maps had been drawn by scholars with expertise. The midieval european map-makers by contrast were more interested in symbolism, they produced less detailed and accurate maps, than those produced 1,500 years earlier by the Greeks. The best examples are the T-O maps produced of a T drawn with an O they show the world as a circle divided by a T shaped body of water. And the map is centured on Jerusalim. The only medieval maps that served as practical purpose were ones known as portolano.
his publication of his book Geographia Generalis remained the standard geographic text for at least a century; what made his work so distinctive was that he provided an explicit definition if geography as the study go the state of the earth
known for his argument that geography is a description according to space and that history is description according to time. and that geography and history together comprise all knowledge.
1874 marks the year that geography formally became an institutionalized academic discipline. In 1903 the first North American University department of Geography was established.
A greek term revived by nineteenth century German geographers as a synonym for regional geography. (Includes human activities but only in relation to the physical environment.
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