Unit 2 vocab Theology
Terms in this set (34)
God's interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives. These are important for conversion and for continuing growth in holiness.
To be founded on the Twelve Apostles.
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops. It is accomplished through the laying on of hands when a bishop is ordained in the Sacrament of Holy Orders as instituted by Christ. The office of bishop is permanent, because at ordination a bishop is marked with an indelible, sacred character.
The act by which the Church officially recognizes a deceased Catholic as a saint.
Along with One, Holy, and Apostolic, It is one of the four Marks of the Church. It means "universal." The Church is Universal in two senses. She is Universal because Christ is present in her and has given her the fullness of the means of salvation and also because she reaches throughout the world to all people.
Based on the Latin credo, meaning, "I believe," it is an official presentation of the faith, usually prepared and presented by a council of the Church and used in the Church's liturgy. Two occupy a special place in the Church's life: the Apostles' and the Nicene.
The movement to restore unity among all Christians, the unity to which the Church is called by the Holy Spirit.
Latin for "let it be done."
From a Greek word meaning "likeness," a sacred image of Christ, Mary, or the saints, especially in the artwork of the Eastern Churches.
Marks of the Church
The four essential features or characteristics of the Church: One, Holy, Catholic (universal), and Apostolic.
Based on a word for "service," a way of caring for and serving others and helping the Church to fulfill her mission. It refers to the work of sanctification performed by those in Holy Orders through the preaching of God's Word and the celebration of the Sacraments. It also refers to the work of the laity in living out their baptismal call to mission through lay ministries, such as that of lector or catechist.
The gifts proper to each of the Seven Sacraments.
The grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity. It is a supernatural gift of God, infused into our souls by the Holy Spirit, that continues the work of making us holy.
A Greek title for Mary meaning "God bearer."
A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness. Specifically, it refers to a call to live the holy life as an ordained minister, as a vowed religious (sister or brother), or in a Christian marriage. Single life that involves a personal consecration or commitment to a permanent, celibate gift of self to God and one's neighbor is also a vocational state.
The Christian person's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church when he or she works to extend the Kingdom of Christ to the entire world. If your school shares the wisdom of its founder, its namesake, or the charism of the religious order that founded it, it is important to learn about this person or order and his or her charism, because as a graduate you will likely want to incorporate this charism into your own apostolate.
A state of life recognized by the Church in which a person publicly professes vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
college of bishops
The assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope, that holds the teaching authority and responsibility in the Church.
Teachings recognized as central to Church teaching, defined by the Magisterium and considered definitive and authoritative.
Of or relating to a church.
Of or relating to a bishop.
Holy Orders, Sacrament of
The Sacrament by which baptized men are ordained for permanent ministry in the Church as bishops, priests, or deacons.
All members of the Church with the exception of those who are ordained as bishops, priests, or deacons. The laity share in Christ's role as priest, prophet, and king, witnessing to God's love and power in the world.
That part of the Catholic Church that follows the disciplines and teachings of the Diocese of Rome, especially the liturgical traditions. It is called the Latin Church because Latin has been the official language since the fourth century. The majority of the world's Catholics belong to the Latin Church.
One who engages in the academic discipline of theology, or "the study of God," in an effort to understand, interpret, and order our experience of God and Christian faith.
Vatican Council II
The Ecumenical or general Council of the Roman Catholic Church that Pope Saint John XXIII convened as Pope in 1962 and that continued under Pope Venerable Paul VI until 1965.
A severe penalty that results from grave sin against Church law. The penalty is either imposed by a Church official or happens automatically as a result of the offense. This person is not permitted to celebrate or receive the Sacraments.
The conscious and deliberate rejection of a truth of the faith.
A screen or partition with doors and tiers of icons that separates the bema, the raised part of the church with the altar, from the nave, the main part of the church, in Eastern Churches.
The means by which the Church takes away the punishment that a person would receive in Purgatory.
From the Latin origo, meaning "beginning" or "birth." The term has two meanings: (1) the sin of the first human beings, who disobeyed God's command by choosing to follow their own will and thus lost their original holiness and became subject to death, (2) the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world, except Jesus and Mary.
A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven.
A major break that causes division. A schism in the Church is caused by the refusal to submit to the Pope or to be in communion with the Church's members.
Vicar of Christ
A title for the Pope, identifying his role as Christ's human representative on earth.