3. Constitutional Amendments
Terms in this set (19)
a change to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution; addressed protections for individual rights
Concerns over the extent of federal power following Chisholm v. Georgia led to the passage of this amendment, which limits the jurisdiction of the federal courts in cases of this type
altered the procedures of the Electoral College -separate balloting for president and vice president to avoid a tie in electoral votes, as in election of 1800
abolished slavery; ratification became a requirement under President Johnson's Reconstruction plan.
defined what persons were citizens of the United States and offered protection from state infringements on citizens' rights
extended the right to vote to citizens regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
allow for a federal income tax; addressed the issue of wealth distribution that had been raised by the Populist Party
provides for the direct election of U.S. Senators by the people; response to concerns that party bosses and business leaders had too much influence on state legislatures and their selection of Senators.
prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages; response to concerns that linked alcohol to poverty and the destruction of family life
ended the denial of suffrage based upon the sex of a citizen
shortened the time between elections and when presidents and members of Congress take office -
reflected improvements in transportation which allowed for easier travel to Washington and desire to avoid "lame duck" periods
repealed 18th Amendment due to widespread disregard for Prohibition and increased criminal activities during the 1920s
imposed a two-term limit on presidential terms; passed following the four-term presidency of FDR
provided electors for the District of Columbia
prohibits the use of poll taxes in federal elections that were used to disenfranchise the poor deny the right to vote to African Americans
clarified that a successor to the presidency was designated as President of the United States and included provisions for filling the office of Vice President; passed after Lyndon B. Johnson, who had a history of heart problems, took office
following the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
extends the right to vote to citizens who are 18 years of age or older; passed because many young men being drafted to fight in the Vietnam War were not eligible to vote
limits the power of congress to increase its own salaries