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26 terms

Exam 1 Study Guide

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Anatomy definition
study of the physical structure of the human body
gross anatomy definition
study of the entire body
micro anatomy definition
looking at the cells of body
physiology definition
study of body systems and function (what occurs in reaction to certain events)
six levels of organization (in order)
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
11 organ systems names
integumentary
skeletal
muscular
nervous
endocrine
cardiovascular
lymphatic
respiratory
digestive
urinary
reproductive
integumentary definition
forms external body covering
skeletal definition
protects and supports body organs; (cartilages, joint. bones)
muscular definition
mode of skeletal muscles; allows locomotion, produces majority body heat
nervous definition
controls all systems (brain, sensory receptors, spinal chord, nerves)
endocrine
hormones-reproduction, growth, metabolism
cardiovascular
sends blood to body, heart, blood vessels
lymphatic
controls fluid volume, removes debris, helps with the immune system, lymphnodes
respiratory
lungs, nasal cavity, larynx, pharnyx, trachea
digestive
break down and absorb nutrients; mouth, intestines, stomach
urinary
eliminates nitrogenous waste and balances acid/bases; kidneys, bladder
reproductive
produces offspring
8 necessary life functions
maintain boundaries
movement
responsiveness
digestion
metabolism
excretion
reproduction
growth
5 survival needs
nutrients
oxygen
water
stable body temperature
atmospheric pressure appropriate
metabolism definition+example
chemical reaction within body
biochemistry
study of the chemical interactions of living things; properties of biological molecules, manufacture new medicine and medical treatments
4 types of macro molecules
carbs
proteins
lipids
nucleic acids
carbs
energy and structure
lipid
insoluble in water
1. trygliceride (fats and oils)
2. phospholipids (primary component of cell membrane)
3. steroids (cell signaling)
4. waxes (protection and prevent water loss)
proteins
support
enzymes
transport
defense
hormones
motion
nucleic acids
genetic information or form structure