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A character or force in conflict with the main character


Main character in a story

Major Character

character with a significant role in the action of the story

Minor Character

character who plays a lesser role


Sequence of events in a story.


How an author reveals to a reader what a character is like


It refers to the time and place which the events of a story take place.


Introduces the characters, settings, and opening situations of a story


A contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen.

Internal Conflict

A struggle within a character


A central idea of a story or a novel

External Conflict

A struggle between a character and an outside force


Most exciting moment of the story; the turning point

Rising Action

The series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax

Falling action

Events after the climax, leading to the resolution


Also called the denouement, this is the final stage in the plot of a drama or work of fiction. Here the action comes to an end and remaining loose ends are tied up.


An outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot. The final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary work.


A comparison of two unlike things using


A comparison of two unlike things without using the word like or as.


A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor


A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

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