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Biology Exam 1
Terms in this set (46)
According to the Information-Processing Model of memory, _________ is required for input to move from sensory memory to working memory.
Can become overloaded.
Can lose information when interrupted by distractions.
Forms connections between new and existing information.
Our sensory memory
Receives constant input.
TF: After we reach adulthood, our ability to learn is reduced because our brains can no longer make new connections among nerve cells.
How are long-term memories stored in the brain?
In networks of nerve cell connections throughout the brain.
Which type(s) or memory has (have) unlimited capacity?
Only long-term memory
TF: It is important to rapidly process all of the information received by our sensory memory.
If experimental results do NOT support a hypothesis..
The hypothesis must be rejected as false.
Unsaturated fatty acids
Have one or more carbon double bonds.
Animals story glucose as
Caron forms _______ chemical bonds
Which of the following biomolecules have a hydrophobic tail and a hydrophilic head?
A biomolecule that forms a double helical structure
Which of the are produced ONLY in plants?
Starch and Cellulose
In science, "cherry picking" refers to the practice of ________
Selecting only those results that support the preferred conclusion.
Math the biomolecules with their building blocks
Lipids - Fatty Acids
DNA - Nucleotides
Carbohydrates - Monosaccharides
Proteins - Amino Acids
Mitochondria are present in
Eukaryotic cells only
During mitosis, the nuclear membrane breaks down during __________, and the chromosomes are pulled apart during ____________.
An RNA copy of a gene is made ______
In the nucleus
The plasma membrane of a cell
Is where the cell interacts with its environment
Defective proteins are broken down and recycled by
Is the division of the cell cytoplasm
During the cell cycle, DNA is copied in
Plant cells can perform photosynthesis because they have
In a cell, ribosomes
Attach Amino Acids together to make proteins.
During cell division, the nuclear membrane
Forms during Telophase
Prokaryotic cells divide by
Chromosomes are in a supercoiled condense form
Only during mitosis
What is found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
Plasma membrane, ribosomes, and cytoplasm
Forms two genetically identical nuclei
During G1 phase,
the cell grows in size
Cellular respiration occurs in
The mitochondria of plant and animal cells
Chromosomes must be properly aligned in the middle of the cell before the cell can pass
In the blood, oxygen is carried by
Hemoglobin in red blood cells
Blood pressure is the pressure
Exerted of the walls of the blood vessels
Cells that are unable to repair DNA damage at G2 checkpoint
To do work in the cell, proteins use the energy released when the high-energy bond of ____ is broken
One-way valves are present in
Veins, but not arteries or capillaries
During the cardiac cycles
both atria contract, and then both ventricles contract.
The Sun's energy is captured in the bonds of _________ and transferred to the bonds of _______
Apoptosis is the process by which
Arteries have ______ walls and carry blood _______ the heart
Cellular Respiration produces _____
Carbon Dioxide and wated
Water and Carbon Dioixde
The left side of the heart pumps _________ to the _________
Oxygenated blood; aorta
During diastole, the ventricles _________ nd blood pressure is ____________
relax and fill; lowest
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