animal adaptations

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Terms in this set (...)

camouflage
when animals blend into their habitat
mimicry
when an organism has features that are similar to a different organism. can be behavior, sounds, scent, etc.
fins, wings, legs and muscles
how animals move
teeth, claws, venom
how animals defend themselves
body coverings such as fur or fat
how animals keep warm
teeth, beaks, claws and differently shaped mouths
how animals eat
hibernation
when animals go into a deep sleep causing their bodies to slow down. They live off of stored food
migration
when animals go on a long distance journey from one place to another. they are in search of new, temporary habitat because of climate, lack of food, season change, or to have babies
dormancy
when an organism (animal or plant) slows down its activity because its habitat becomes stressful (too cold or not enough food)
instincts
behaviors that animals are born with that helps them survive
learned behaviors
behaviors that are learned through observation and experience
gather/store food
other behavior
rearing / taking care of young
other behavior
find and make shelter
other behavior
rainforest
wet, warm organisms compete for sun and space
desert
dry; organisms compete for water
grassland
grasses and few trees
forest
many animals and trees; plenty of rain
population
number of one type of organism living in an area
community
all of the animals and plants living together in the same place
rainforest, desert, grasslands, forest
terrestrial (land)
saltwater and fresh water
aquatic (water)
ocean and some rivers and marshes
saltwater
ocean
largest body of water
river
water collected from higher elevations
pond
smaller bodies of water
lake
larger than ponds
marsh
shallow water with grasses
swamp
water that does not move much
organism
any living thing
producer
makes its own food using sunlight, air, and water. plants are producers
consumer
eats to get energy. all animals are consumers
decomposer
breaks down dead organisms, mushrooms and fungi, bacteria, earthworms
herbivore
eats only plants (cow, rabbit, zebra)
omnivore
eats plants and animals (bear, pig, skunks)
carnivore
eats only animals
predator
hunter
prey
hunted
herbivore, omnivore, carnivore
types of consumers
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