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Sports Med 1 Unit 1 Test Study
Terms in this set (54)
What does it mean to have "emergency preparedness"?
Being properly equipped and trained for any medical crisis or disaster.
What does each Athletic organization have a duty to develop?
What does preparation of an emergency plan include?
Proper coverage of events, maintains emergency equipment, notifying the proper personnel, maintaining continuing education for certifications and formulating the emergency action plan to be easily understood for the layperson.
What does it allow when programs that have a well-thought-out written action plan?
Clearly identified roles for a smooth approach to crisis situations; appropriate health care to all athletes in any situation
What does the acronym "EAP" mean?
Emergency Action Plan
What are the 4 basic categories that an EAP should specify?
Immediate care for the athlete, retrieving emergency equipment, EMS activations and directions
Who is generally the first responder?
In general, the person who arrives at the emergency first. For our intents and purposes, it will be the athletic trainer and the students around the athlete. Otherwise, the first responders will be the EMT's called after an emergency (think car accident)
In regards to the EAP, All members of the AT staff are responsible for what?
Knowing their roles and responsibilities according to the EAP and be able to implement it independently.
What is the most important role in the EAP?
TIME. Also, activating EMS.
Who should be in charge of providing immediate care for the injured patient/athlete?
The person with the most experience and knowledge - generally the athletic trainer on duty.
After immediate care, What is the next role that others of the staff must be assigned?
Who is contacting and getting EMS activating
What should one member be in charge of "activating"?
Emergency Medical Services
What must the individual "activating" EMS be able to do?
Communicate well and stay calm
Once EMS is activated, what must someone be able to do?
Stay on the phone with them until care is complete and EMS has arrived OR when the person on the other line hangs up.
What must the AT staff have access to in order to activate EMS?
A land line or a cell phone
What is important to clearly communicate to EMS?
A working phone so that the name, address, phone number of the caller, number of athletes injures, condition of the athletes and treatment being given and specific directions can be communicated concisely and clearly.
What 3 things are important in regards to Emergency Equipment?
Readily available and in working condition with easy access and complete instructions/people who know how to use it
Why is it important to have an ambulance on standby, onsite?
Because if there is a traumatic injury they are available.
Athlete's with unstable injuries should not...
Be transported in a vehicle that is not properly equipped.
What does the term "defined medical emergency" mean?
A medical illness or traumatic injury that has the potential to be life-threatening
List 4 examples of a "defined medical emergency"?
Obvious deformity, severe bleeding, loss of consciousness, seizures that last over 5 minutes.
What does the term "non-emergency" mean?
A medical illness that does not pose a threat to life of limb.
List 4 examples of a "non-emergency"?
Abrasions, jammed fingers, bruises, sprained ankle.
What type of information should be included in the emergency medical card?
Parent or guardian contact an consent, illnesses, allergies, special instructions, insurance information, etc
How often should the EAP be reviewed?
What is a pre-participation physical exam?
A physical exam that is meant to catch problems before they arise. Assesses the overall ability to perform in a sport
What are the goals of pre-participation physical exams?
Determine the athletes overall health, detects conditions that could predispose the athlete to injury, fulfills legal and insurance requirements, etc.
What is the ideal time for a pre-participation physical exam to be completed and why?
6 weeks before a season starts so that if something is wrong, it can be taken care of in a timely manner
Describe the two different types of pre-participation physical exams.
Station based or office based exams.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of each type of pre-participation physical exam?
Station base exams will move more students through in a short amount of time are are usually free or inexpensive. An office based physical is more comprehensive and private where the physician can spent more time with the athlete and there is better communication.
Disadvantages are that in station based physicals, most of the people working are volunteers so it makes it very difficult to plan and have adequate staffing. With an office physical, sometimes the PCP isn't a specialist in musculoskeletal or cardiovascular problems so these things can slip by
Why is the medical history section of a pre-participation physical exam important?
Usualy if you know someone's history you make bigger efforts to prevent these things from getting worse.
What are the three categories of clearance for participation in sports on a pre-participation physical exam?
Cleared, limited, not cleared
What are the different classifications of sports?
What are examples of contact sports?
football and lacrosse
What are examples of limited contact sports?
What are examples of noncontact sports
swimming and tennis
How long must pre-participation physical exam kept after graduation and why?
7 years. Because of the 7 year statuette and potential litigation.
What is used to measure blood pressure?
How many vital signs that ATCs, coaches, and physicians must be aware of?
Where is your pulse usually found?
carotid and radial
What is blood pressure measured in
millimeters of mercury
What is blood presure(Names)?
Systolic over diastolic
What is a normal pulse?
60-80 in adults, 80-100 in kids
What is a normal blood pressure?
115-120/75-80 or 120/80
What is the normal breath rate?
12-15 in adults, 20-25 in kids
What is the normal body temperature?
What are the 3 skin colors when you know something is wrong?
red, white and blue
What problems can be occurring with red skin color?
heat stroke, high BP, CO poisoning
What problems can be occurring with white(pale) skin color?
insufficient circulation, shock, fright, bleeding, insulin shock
What problems can be occurring with Blue skin color?
lack of blood to an area or lack of oxygen in the blood
What can a small pupil tell you?
use of CNS drugs, a head injury, or shock
What can a large(dilated) pupil tell you?
What is PEARL?
Pupils Equal and Reactive to Light.
What are the 3 questions you ask an athlete to tell if there conscious?
Do they know who they are?
Do they know where they are?
Do they know what time it is?
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