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Congestive Heart Failure - Dodson
Terms in this set (27)
The resistance the left ventricle must overcome to distribute blood throughout the body
Symptom of heart failure caused by fluid in the alveoli due to congestion of blood in the lungs
Symptom of heart failure where patient becomes winded easily due to lack of adequate cardiac output
Symptom of heart failure where fluid leaks into the tissues of the peripheral extremities due to increased pressure
Symptom of heart failure due to demands placed on heart and hearts inability to produce adequate cardiac output. Lack of O2 to myocardium amplifies this.
plaque buildup in the artery (coronary) due to damage to the endothelial lining of the arteries. Buildup compromises blood flow to heart and can lead to the development of blood clots.
Enzyme released after detection of increased stretch in the ventricles due to fluid overload; indicator of CHF
Medication given to patients during complaints of chest pain. Works by dilating coronary arteries, decreasing preload and afterload - all of which help to improve blood to and throughout the heart.
System that regulates the heart rate (slow or fast) due to detected changes in metabolic demand; elevates heart rate in CHF due to stress response
Detect changes in blood pressure and vasoconstrict or vasodilate accordingly. Works in conjunction with the central nervous system
Signs of CHF
SOB, CP, cough, weight gain, unusual fatigue, activity intolerance, peripheral edema
The most common cause of right-sided heart failure
Medical term for chest pain
Caused by increased fluid in the peripheral tissues. Pressure applied may cause an indentation on patient that may take several seconds to resolve
Equipment that can be used to quickly improve oxygenation by forcing air into the lungs - thereby opening and removing fluid from the alveoli. Tolerance of this device is an issue.
The best position for a patient with acute exacerbation of CHF
Top causes of CHF
coronary artery disease, HTN, myocardial infarction, renal failure, valvular problems
SOB when patient lies flat, therefore they sit straight up in a bed chair to help them breath
Medication class used to block the RAAS. Improves symptoms of CHF by reducing fluid volume and promoting vasodilation.
Medication class used to decrease heart rate, promote contractility and promote vasodilation - both which help reduce the workload of the heart in patients with CHF
Medication class used to promote removal of fluid from the tissues to the vascular space to kidneys for excretion
Non pharmacologic measure used in the treatment of CHF to help promote blood flow and strengthen heart
Ways to reduce risk of flu / pneumonia in the patient with CHF thereby reducing potential of life-threatening lungs conditions
Smoking Cessation Information
Provided to patient to help reduce risk of oxidative and arterial damage which can increase risks of exacerbation of CHF as well as other comorbidities
Low Sodium Diet
Diet prescribed to patient to help limit the retention of fluid thereby reducing exacerbation of CHF
Symptoms sometimes present in the lungs of patients with CHF; can be heard upon auscultation of the lungs
Most commonly caused by Left HF; symptoms can include: JVD, peripheral edema, and ascites
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Coronary Artery Disease - Dodson
Valvular disorders - Dodson
Vascular Disorders - Dodson
Cardiac Catheterization - Dodson
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