HIST 150 Chapter 3 Exam 1

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The period of ancient Greek history that followed Alexander the Great is called
A) Paleolithic
B) Hellenistic
C) Medieval
D) Renaissance
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Terms in this set (44)
During the Hellenistic World
A) Ancient Middle Eastern and Greek civilizations joined in a manner that changed them both
B) The Eastern Mediterranean was dominated by Greek language and culture
C) Kings ruled large kingdoms rather than citizens ruling independent city-states
D) All of the above
Evidence suggests that during the Hellenistic period, as compared to the Classical, Greek women
A) Were freer from family authority and could work and earn money
B) Became dominant over men politically and economically
C) Became even more subject to the will of their husbands and fathers
D) Were admitted to the citizen assemblies, achieving political equality
The southern Greek states, the self-described "civilized" Greeks, regarded the Macedonians as
A) Highly developed politically and culturally, and to be emulated
B) Backward because they did not have the political life of the city-states
C) So poor and backward they were not worth bothering about
D) Dangerous because they were allied with Persia
Demosthenes opposed the expansion of Macedonia under Philip II because
A) Philip threatened the traditional freedom and self-government of the polis
B) Philip was a weak military commander and would not be able to fight the Persians
C) He wanted Sparta to assume the leadership of Greece
D) Macedonia was not rich enough to be the leader of the Greeks
Philip II dreamed of conquering Persia, but did not do so because
A) He was assassinated under circumstances that have never been clearly explained
B) The coalition of Athens and Thebes crushed his troops at Chaeronea
C) He died young, of a fever
D) The king of Persia persuaded the Macedonian troops to mutiny
In which country was the greatest of the many Alexandrias founded? A) Egypt B) Persia C) Phoenicia D) MacedoniaADuring his conquest of the Persian Empire, Alexander A) Was brutal in battle, but generous in peace B) Perfected the art of siege warfare C) Won every battle, often against great odds D) All of the aboveDIn Egypt, Alexander A) Was finally defeated B) Diverted the Nile to the south C) Organized a democratic government for the people D) Was declared to be the god Ammon, and crowned as pharaohDIn order to consolidate his authority in Greece, Alexander A) Returned to Greece after defeating Darius III at Issus B) Publicly identified himself with the legendary Greek heroes, Heracles and Achilles C) Restored democracy in Athens D) Openly adopted the Spartan way of lifeBWhich of the following policies did Alexander NOT follow in his imperial rule? A) Founded many cities to spread Greek urban life throughout the empire B) Supported intermarriage between Greeks and Asians C) Destroyed all conquered cities to obliterate non-Greek culture D) Recruited Persian soldiers as part of a new combined armyCIn 323 B.C., Alexander died in Babylon from A) Assassination by one of his officers B) Suicide by drowning in the Euphrates C) Alcohol abuse and fever D) A battle wound becoming infectedCAlexander turned back from his quest for the end of the known world because A) His Macedonian troops refused to go beyond India B) He thought that the land extended forever C) He was defeated by the kings of northern India D) He was warned to go no further by his father ZeusAAlexander's legacy includes A) The blending of Greek and Asian culture which we call Hellenistic B) The idea of a single great empire of many peoples ruled by one king C) An ideal of heroic military genius emulated by many subsequent leaders D) All of the aboveDFollowing Alexander's death his empire A) Survived intact for a century under his son and grandson B) Was divided by his generals into three main successor kingdoms C) Was destroyed by an invasion of Mongols D) Disintegrated as the native peoples rose and expelled all Greeks and MacedoniansBThe Alexandrian successor kingdom ruled over by his general Ptolemy and his successors was A) Egypt B) Persia C) Macedonia D) IndiaAThe Ptolemaic rulers of Egypt A) Maintained the Empire of Alexander the Great intact B) Conducted their official business in Greek, while permitting traditional Egyptian culture to continue C) Suppressed Egyptian culture, thus bringing the civilization of Egypt to an end D) None of the aboveBArsinoe II A) Married her brother and became Queen of Egypt B) Married the king of Thrace C) Was worshipped as a goddess in Egypt D) All of the aboveDThe Alexandrian monument regarded as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world was A) The Museum B) The Royal Palace C) Alexander's tomb D) The lighthouse, or PharosDThe Rosetta Stone was important because A) It recorded the deeds of Arsinoe II. B) It was written in three scripts: Greek, cursive Egyptian, and hieroglyphics, permitting the translation of the Egyptian language. C) It proved that Alexander the Great had reached China D) It gave the name of the Pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid.BAn unexpected consequence of Alexander's conquests and the subsequent breakup of his empire was A) The unification of most of India under Chandragupta Maurya and Asoka B) The rise of the Chinese Empire C) The collapse of the Roman Republic D) The unification of sub-Saharan AfricaAThe Seleucid dynasty ruled A) Macedonia B) The Asian part of Alexander's empire C) Egypt D) Greece and CreteBThe Hellenistic monarchy of the Seleucids A) Conquered Rome B) Repudiated Greek culture in favor of traditional Near Eastern civilization C) Had as its economic basis control of Middle Eastern trade routes to the Mediterranean D) All of the aboveCThe Antigonids ruled A) Macedonia B) The Asian part of Alexander's empire C) Egypt D) ItalyAIn the Hellenistic age, which was not a change experienced by the Greek poleis? A) Professionals took over from citizens such activities as soldier and athlete B) The gap between rich and poor widened, with the rich controlling politics C) Many immigrants and freedmen became citizens, diluting the sense of community D) The common citizens reasserted control of the governments, making them more democraticDWhich of the following was not true of the increasingly diverse Hellenistic world? A) The ruling class, though Greek in language and culture, was open to non-Greeks who acquired Greek culture and language B) There was a growing Chinese influence, especially in the Antigonid kingdom of Macedonia C) Women could travel more freely and participate in the arts D) Blacks were more often represented in the visual artsBThe Hellenistic monarchs created a new economy in the eastern Mediterranean by A) Standardizing the currency B) Spreading new agricultural practices and products C) Establishing royal monopolies in key industries to control production D) All of the aboveDDuring the Hellenistic period slavery A) Increased in numbers and ethnic diversity B) Decreased in numbers as war prisoners were generally set free C) Was controlled so that only the kings and their officials could own slaves D) Was restricted to non-whitesAUrban problems in the Hellenistic Age included A) Lack of public safety B) Poor sanitation C) Uncertain food supply D) All of the aboveDThe ruling class of the Hellenistic monarchies was made up of the A) Persians ennobled by Alexander and their descendants B) Egyptian priestly class C) Greek/Macedonians and those educated in Greek language and culture D) Athenian and Spartan councilors sent by their governments for this purposeCDuring the Hellenistic period women A) Were increasingly sequestered from cultural, political and economic life B) Were granted political and voting rights in most kingdoms C) Were allowed freer access to economic and cultural professions D) Gained the right to pass down their names and heritage to their childrenCA good example of a Hellenistic royal city in both its planning and in its art, is A) Babylon B) Corinth C) Sparta D) PergamumDA major difference between "Classical" Greek art and the art of the Hellenistic era was A) The introduction of bronze statuary during the Hellenistic period B) The surprisingly small amount of money spent by Hellenistic rulers and cities on public art. C) The tendency towards realistic rather than idealistic portrayal in sculpture D) That temple building nearly stopped.CThe Maccabees led a Jewish revolt against King Antiochus IV because he A) Wanted to move all the Jews to Egypt to establish a Jewish state there B) Converted to Judaism and insisted on being appointed high priest C) Forbade the Jews from trading with the Ptolomaic kingdom D) Attempted to Hellenize the Jews and violated the Temple with an altar to ZeusDGreek schools of the Hellenistic era A) Banned nude exercises in the gymnasium B) Emphasized Homer as the primary literary text C) Were usually run-down and neglected D) Mixed male and female studentsBHellenistic "New Comedy" plays generally contained A) Satire about the kings B) Stories of gods to teach good moral behavior C) Romantic stories about the problems of everyday people D) Profound and heroic themes about politics and ethicsCThe Hellenistic school of philosophy that advocated the rejection of the goods of this world in order to achieve happiness was that of the A) Sophists B) Cynics C) Epicureans D) StoicsBAlthough differing in approaches to life, the Hellenistic philosophies of Stoicism, Epicureanism, and Cynicism had many things in common. Which of the following was not shared by them? A) They argued for something of a withdrawal from the life of the cosmopolitan cities. B) They seldom appealed to really destitute people. C) They argued for an increased participation in the life of the polis. D) They emphasized control of the self and personal tranquility.CWhich of the following is NOT a characteristic of the mystery religions? A) Ceremonies were led by the civic leaders so the gods would protect the polis B) Individual salvation and an afterlife were promised the initiates C) Music, dance and purification rituals led to a mystic union with the god/goddess D) Initiates were sworn to secrecy about the special ritualsAHellenistic Science A) Was clearly inferior to the early Greek science of Thales and Pythagoras B) Perfected the manufacture of steel C) Culminated in the work of Homer D) Made important advances in mathematics and astronomy.D