a, d, e
Primary care promotes mental health and reduces mental illness to decrease the incidence of crisis. On this level the nurse can work with a patient to recognize potential problems by evaluating the patient's experience of stressful life events, teach the patient specific coping skills, such as decision making, problem solving, assertiveness skills, meditation, and relaxation skills, and assist the patient in evaluating the timing or reduction of life changes to decrease the negative effects of stress as much as possible. This may involve working with a patient to plan environmental changes, make important interpersonal decisions, and rethink changes in occupational roles. Administering antidepressant medication and planning for discharge are examples of secondary care.