Revolutionary War Vocab
Terms in this set (64)
commander of the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War
wrote pamphlet Common Sense, it changed the colonist's attitudes towards the British
traitor of Patriots and joined British
1 of 3 british generals, was in wars: Dorchester Heights, New York, New Jersey, and Brandywine Creek
part of the first Continental Congress, leader of the American Revolutionary and famous orator who spoke out against the British
"One if by land, two if by sea"
"The shot heard round the world"
the first shot of the Revolutionary War; at Lexington
"I have not yet begun to fight"
John Paul Jones
"As for me, give me liberty or give me death"
Patrick Henry's famous saying
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"
General Ward and General Putnam
Surrendered at Yorktown, British General who also fought at Princeton
Marquis de Lafayette
20 year old French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution and gave $200,000 to support the Revolution
Bernado de Galvez
Spanish Governor of Louisiana, defeated the British at Baton Rouge, helpful to Patriots
a soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British,
General Von Steuben
He trained the American troops, focusing on basic military drills at Valley Forge and spoke little English. Prussian officer.
John Paul Jones
Patriot naval leader who commanded the American ship Bonhomme Richard, which defeated the British ship Serapis
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley
Part of the guerilla warfare, nicknamed "The Swamp Fox"
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown
John Paul Jones' ship that defeated to Serapis, named after Ben Franklin's POOR RICHARD ALMANAC
General Horatio Gates
Patriot General who fought at Saratoga
British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga
heroine of the American Revolution who carried water to soldiers and took over her husband's gun when he was wounded, real name was Mary Ludwig Hays
John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys, Vermont soldiers who captured Fort Ticonderoga
Main author of the Declaration of Independence
American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord
during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege by American and French troops
Battle of Fort Ticonderoga
Ethan Allen lead the Green Mountain Boys here and the British commander surrendered
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution.it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support.
colonists who wanted independence from Britain and fought in the Revolutionary War
Americans that feared revolution & supported the british; remained loyal to Britain
helped Patriots win the Revolutionary War and also hated britain
didn't give the colonists independence, fought against Patriots
Battle of Trenton
The Americans surprised the Hessian troops and took most of them prisoner; the Americans won.
Battle of Lexington
first battle outside of Concord, british attempted to capture patriot leaders Adams and Hancock, start of revolutionary war
Battle of Bunker Hill
the first major battle of the Revolution, British suffered heavy casualties even though Patriots ran out of ammunition and lost
Battle of Vincennes
French town that surrendered to Clark's army but was recaptured by British without a fight; after a bloody fight, the town was once again in Patriot's hands
Battle of Montreal
Patriot forces seized town
Battle of Brandywine Creek
the British met Washington's troops; miscommunication caused the Patriots to loose almost twice as many casualties as the British; Howe allowed retreat
Battle of Princeton
Continental Army Suprises General Cornwallis. Who retreats to NYC, where they reguoup.
Battle at Quebec
Patriots tried to advance and capture but were quickly turned back by the British; Americans suffered almost half of their troops killed, wounded, or captured
Battle at New York
Continental Army retreated to Manhattan Island from Long Island; Patriots suffered 1,000 casualties, British lost less than 400; British drove Patriots from Manhattan Island
Battle of Dorchester Heights
Washington used cannons to fire and defeat British; Howe retreats
Boston Tea Party
demonstration by citizens of Boston who disguised as Indians raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
British ship surrendered to the Americans led by John Paul Jones after a difficult battle
song British sang to mimic Patriots
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a independent contry; ended war
Olive Branch Petition
An offer of peace sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George lll
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation
a statement promising freedom to any slave who fought for British; caused thousands of slaves to join British
First Continental Congress
September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts
Second Continental Congress
organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed comittee to make the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
this document was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. It established the 13 colonies as independent startes, free from rule of Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of it
The official army of the colonies, created by second continental congress and led by George Washington; fought against British
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
gun used in war
Hired foreign soldiers that are payed
to refuse to buy british goods
the surrounding of a place by an army in order to capture it
Type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
the Swamp Fox
francis marion's nick name
British soldiers who fought against the colonists in the American Revolution; so called because of their bright red uniforms.
Patriot civilian soldiers that pledged to be ready to fight at a minute's notice.