Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 18

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Eubacteria
Unicellular prokaryotes with cell walls made of protein that can be autotroph or heterotroph
Archaebacteria
Unicellular prokaryotes with cells walls without protein that can be autotroph or heterotroph
Protista
Mostly unicellular Eukaryotes with cell walls that can be autotroph or heterotroph. Called the junk drawer kingdom. Example- paramecium
Fungi
Mostly multicellular Eukaryotes with cell walls made of chiten, which is a tough carb found in celery, that are heterotroph. Example- yeast
Plantae
Mostly multicellular Eukaryotes with cell walls and chloroplasts and are autotrophs. Example- orchid
Animalia
Multicellular Eukaryotes with no cell wall and are heterotroph Example- Honey Badger
binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
genus
group of closely related species, and the first part of the scientific name in binomial nomenclature
systematics
the science of naming and grouping organisms
family
In classification, group of similar genera
order
In classification, a group of closely related families
class
in classification, a group of closely-related orders
phylum
In classification, a group of closely related classes
kingdom
Largest and most inclusive group in Linnaean classification
clade
evolutionary branch of a cladogram that includes a single ancestor and all its descendants
domain
Larger more inclusive taxonomic category than a kingdom
Bacteria
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls containing peptidoglycan
Archea
domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that do not contain peptidoglycan
Eukarya
Domain of all organisms whose cells have nuclei,
taxa
what naming groups are often called
Carolus Linnaeus
biologist who developed a two-word naming system called binomial nomenclature in the 1730's
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