14 terms

GCSE Factors affecting energy supplies

STUDY
PLAY
Physical factors
Natural things such as climate, geology, relief, that affect energy supply
Human Factors
Things such as politics, technology and government decisions that influence energy supplies
Raw materials
Unprocessed natural products used in production such as coal, oil and gas are only found in certain locations
Geologic factors
The rocks in a region may contain materials useful for energy production such as coal, oil, gas and uranium
Fossil Fuels
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.
Largest crude oil reserves
are found in Africa, the Arabic Penninsular and parts of South America
Climate
a major factor when determining what types of renewable energy supplies can be used and where
HEP
Hydro-electric power - requires regular supplies of rain water & in colder climates where water freezes HEP will not function through winter
Solar power
needs to be in locations with lots of clear sun light
Environmental conditions
Can make it very difficult to access energy resources. This can make them uneconomic to extract. Very cold climates can pose problems, as can resources found under the seas and oceans
Cost of exploitation and production
Dependent upon how much people are paid to produce it and accessibility - If the fuel source is deep underground this increases the cost of accessing that energy resource.
Technological advances
can make new energy resources available or improve the efficiency of current energy producing technologies
Fracking
The pumping of water at high pressure to break apart rocks in order to release natural gas
Political factors
can affect what types of energy are produced and how much, includes UK governments current push on renewable energy