Excretory system

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Terms in this set (...)

excretion
The process by which wastes are removed from the body
excretory system
body system that collects and eliminates wastes from the body; includes the kidneys and bladder
parts of the excretory system
A-kidney
B-ureter
C-bladder
D-urethra
function of the kidneys
major organ of the excretory system, removes urea and other wastes from the blood.
urea
A chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins
function of the ureters
a tube that carries waste from kidneys to the bladder
urine
A watery fluid produced by the kidneys that contains urea and other wastes
urinary bladder
A sack-like muscular organ that stores urine until it is eliminated from the body.
urethra
A small tube through which urine flows from the body
nephrons
filtering units of the kidney that remove wastes from the blood and produce urine