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American gov't chapter 2
Terms in this set (54)
the concept that the monarch's power, or gov't,was limited, not absolute.
was forced by a group of nobles to sin the Magna Carta in 1215
established that the power of the monarchy, or royal gov't was limited not absolute
petition of right
Parliament now has the right to tax
English bill of rights
passed in 1688
a system of gov't in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct gov't
Two Treaties of Government 1690
Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau
believed that people should contract among themselves to form governments to protect their natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
set of rules for self-governance established by the English settlers in 1620. 41 men
made up first basic system of laws in the English Colonies
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
colonists who left the Massachusetts Bat Colony to settle in Connecticut drew this up in 1639
House of Burgesses
made up of elected representatives
French and Indian War
the war began as a struggle between the French and British over lands in Pennsylvania and along the Ohio River (1756-1763)... the British won and then drove the french out of North America
King George III
decided to make the colonists help pay the debt.
the stamp act
1765 required colonists to pay a tax on legal documents, pamphlets, newspapers, even ice and playing cards
the money a gov't collects from taxes and sources.
colonists protested the taxes by refusing to buy british goods
Boston Tea party
a group of colonists dumped chests of British tea into Boston Harbor
parliament passed the Coercive Acts. One act closed the Boston Harbor
Stump Act congress
1st meeting organized to protest King George III's actions.
committees of Correspondence
pen pals who let the rest of the colonies what was going on in Boston
Lexington and concord
Britsh soldiers clashed with colonists at
2nd continental Congress
assumed the powers of a central government and made George Washington commander of the newly organized continental Army.
Thomas Paine influenced this growth with his pamphlet
Richard Henry Lee
introduced a resolution in the continental congress that the "United Colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent states."
the committee asked him to write a draft for the declaration of independence
the president of the congress was the first to sign the document, which eventually held the signature of all 56 delegates.
Articles of Confederation
northwest ordinance of 1787
established the land would eventually become states on an equal basis with older states.
Daniel Shays (Shays' rebellion)
a former captain in the continental Army and his followers wanted to force Massachusetts to stop Courts from foreclosing mortgages on farms.
this meeting was so successful that in 1786 Virginia called it this. discuss trade among the colonies.
persuaded the others to call still another meeting in Philadelphia for May 1787.
from Virginia was a brilliant support of a strong national gov't
Father of the constitution
James Madison. because he wrote the basic plan of gov't that the convention eventually adopted
was chosen to preside over the meetings
introduced 15 resolutions that James Madison had drafted.
"large states Plan"
proposed an alternate plan on June 15th
New Jersey Plan
proposal for the structure of the United States Gov't presented by William Paterson
came up with other delegates from Connecticut with a compromise
house of representatives
state representation based on population. All revenue laws concerning spending and taxes would begin in this house.(Large states)
with two members from each state
the 3/5 compromise
almost 1/3 of the people in the southern states were enslaved African Americans
commerce and Slave Trade
northern states wanted the gov't to have complete power over trade with other nations
trade among the states, and foreign commerce
in which state selects electors to choose the president
a group that claimed the Constitution was extralegal
not sanctioned by law-- because the convention had been authorized only to revise the articles
bill of rights
a formal declaration of the legal and the civil rights of citizens of any state, country, federation, etc.
held out with New York
a collection of 80 essays in support of the constitution
held out with Virginia