14 terms

GCSE Impacts of water insecurity

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Waterborne diseases
Diseases caused by microorganisms that are transmitted in contaminated water. E.g. cholera, typhoid, botulism.
Water conflict
Disputes between different regions or countries about the distribution and use of freshwater.
Waterborne disease infection
Commonly results during bathing, washing, drinking, in the preparation of food, or the consumption of infected food.
700 million people
in 43 countries suffer today from water scarcity
Sub-Saharan Africa
has the largest number of water-stressed countries of any region
57 million people
in Nigeria don't have access to safe water
2.4 billion people
don't have access to adequate sanitation, almost two-fifths of the world's population
River Ganges
A very polluted river in Northern India, from leather industries, raw sewage, cremation ceremonies
Ganga Action Plan
set up in 1985 by the Indian government with British and Dutch support to build a number of waste treatment facilities
Water pollution
Pollution to the water that is harmful and caused by human activity such as industry and agriculture
Eutrophication
Rapid algal growth caused by an excess of nitrates and phosphates in water, often from agricultural pollution
Niger Delta
A region whose water has been polluted by the oil industry
Water shortages
can ruin agriculture and threaten food shortages
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
A potential conflict, as Ethiopia has dammed the Nile which flows downstream into Egypt
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