Civics Legislature (Part I)

Terms in this set (36)

(1) drafted

(2) introduced by sponsors in the chamber (can also be co-sponsored)

(3) referred to committee / subcommittee, where bills can be amended (mark-up) and hearings can be held (input from public, experts, etc.)

(4) committee reports out the bill -- usually favorably, occasionally unfavorably (but if a committee doesn't want a bill, it will usually just not report it out at all.) A report is written justifying the committee's recommendation (usually that the bill should become law). Committee members can write dissents to that report.

(5) In House, rules committee decides how long the bill can be debated on the floor, and whether and how the bill can be amended. The bill is scheduled for a floor vote.

(6) Floor activity--debate / votes. In the Senate, there can be unlimited debate. Senators who are opposed to the bill might "filibuster," or give a speech without (apparent) end, in order to delay voting on the bill. A 3/5 vote of the Senate is necessary to invoke cloture, or end debate, so the bill can be voted on.

(7) If a bill passes the Senate and a separate bill passes the House, and they are fundamentally similar but not identical, a conference committee is appointed (with members from both chambers) to create a compromise bill.

(8) A vote is held on the floor of both chambers on the compromise blil.

(9) The bill, if passed, is sent to the President.

(10) The president can sign the bill, and it becomes law. Or he can ignore the bill, and if Congress is still in session 10 days later, it becomes law. Or, he can veto the bill, and Congress can override his veto by a 2/3 vote in each chamber. Or, he can not sign the bill, and if Congress adjourns within the next 10 days, the bill does not become law (this is called a "pocket veto").

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