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American Progress by John Gast, Westward expansion
Terms in this set (24)
Destiny is represented by the large, angel-like person in the middle, who is leading the pioneers. She is the central figure of Columbia. This symbolizes that westward expansion was their destiny.
The direction is represented by how the pioneers are traveling from the east to the west.
Native Americans are fleeing because of racial superiority and are traveling on horseback and travois because that was their transportation.
Transportation is represented by horse-drawn stage coaches, steamboats on rivers or canals, railroad lines, and covered wagons.
Communication is represented by the telegraph line.
painter who painted "American Progress" (the picture of a giant flying woman), Believed in Manifest Destiny = bring civilization, tech, religion, land to savages
painted in an 1872 painting by john gast. Painting: settlers moving west and civilizing "wild" nature and indians. Idea or bringing light to dark land
Path chosen by god. America's Manifest Destiny= to control land atlantic to pacific, in 1800's meant that god had decided the U.S should expand West to spread religion, civilization, technology, U.S culture to savages, John Gast- illustrated John O'Sullivan- first said it, James Polk great supporter, Santa Anna + North opposed
Ny journalist, 1st to use the term Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny causes Americans to move west to gain more land to control atlantic-pacific
Republic of Texas/Tejas
Sam Houston led troops to defeat the mexicans, freedom was given in exchange for Santa Anna's freedom, Lone star republic, independent for 10 years
Florida- colonized by spain, seminoles from
Colonized by Spain,Seminoles from, U.S took
1846 got it from treaty with great britan, now is washington state and Oregon
the pieces of land the u.s bought in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, UT CO CA AR WY TX NEW MEX 1848
gen.for mexico lead in the alamo, and in the mexican american war, captured by texas traded for independence
Wanted to Annex Texas, wanted to expand, wanted cali+new mex, willing to use force, pres during mex vs american war, 11th president, 4 year term, strong believer of Manifest Destiny, 1845 elected
Banker+businessman Dreamed of starting an American colony in TX 1821 mexicans give him a chunk of land for colony, son Stephen took over once died
Mexican American War
War over land, first sidel had offered to pay 30 mill, declined, after annexation of texas, had soldiers sent to texas= killed started war, America won, killed over 40,000 people
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
(1848) treaty signed by the U.S. and Mexico that officially ended the Mexican-American War; Mexico had to give up much of its northern territory to the U.S (Mexican Cession); in exchange the U.S. gave Mexico $15 million and said that Mexicans living in the lands of the Mexican Cession would be protected, Some Americans believed it was unjust-Northerners because of slavery southerners agreed ratified 38-14
Add a territory onto an existing state or country U.S annexed texas
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states in lousianna purchase and south= slave
When Why and how did the U.S Expand to control from coast to coast?
Late 1800's The U.S believed it was its manifest destiny to control Atlantic- Pacific, U.S tried to buy out with 30$ mill Mex denied, ended in war U.S got Mexican cession for 15$mill and had to protect the mexicans living in texas, Mex cession= UT,CO,CA,AR,WY,TX, and New Mexico
What were the differing views on the Mexican-American war? Who had some of these beliefs?
North thought the war was unjust, south agreed with the war. North didn't agree because of the abolitionists, new land= more slaves, south wanted the land for more farming and crops
1-U.S obtains Florida
2-MEx independence from Spain
3-Tex independence from Mex
4-Annexation of Tex
6-Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
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