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Athletic Leadership NFHS
Terms in this set (63)
What is a SMART Goal?
I want to have a good amplitude on each jump and stick the dismount on my beam at conference in three weeks.
T/F Students who set exclusively outcome goals often experience decreases in their confidence when they fail to meet the goal and perceive this as a failure.
A football player has set a goal of scoring two touchdowns in next week's game. What type of goal has he set?
T/F: Setting process goals, the how I am going to do it part of goal-setting, increases the probability of achieving the outcome goal because of the direct influence they hav on positive behaviors.
Which of the following are good goal-setting strategies?
- Write goals down
- set daily goals for practice and competition
- set short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term goals
T/F: Research has shown that students who have high confidence are more likely to try hard, choose challenging tasks, experience positive emotions, and be less anxious in training and competition.
The most influential source of self-confidence is:
A teacher/coach provides feedback and encouragement during a time-out. This is an attempt to build self-confidence by using which source of self-confidence?
Which of the following phrases describes the concept of vicarious experience as a source of confidence:
"If she can do it, I can do it"
Self Awareness steps
1. develop an understanding of the characteristics of their sport
2. assess their personality in terms of low/high anxiety, extroversion/introversion
3. determine their ability level
T/F: The secret to improving concentration is to assist your students in ensuring that their thoughts and actions are specific and relevant to the task at hand
Describe the relationship between arousal and performance
performance progressively increases as arousal increases to a point and then as arousal continues to increase performance decreases
Effective concentration skills to teach students
-develop pre-performance routines,
-develop a routine for when a mistake occurs
-develop trigger words to stay in the moment and focus
-develop relaxation strategies
Which of the following steps can be taken to improve concentration?
-have students compile list of distractions and help them understand the relevant info they should focus on during training and competition
To help students reach their ideal performance state, a teacher/coach should
Have students engage in a self-awareness assessment to understand the characteristics of their athletic task and themselves (personality, ability, anxiety level), then guide them to either increase or decrease their arousal to optimize performance.
effective way to improve concentration of students
develop trigger words to stay in the moment and focus
During tennis practice, a student is observing where shots are going and making adjustments to the serve. This represents what type of feedback?
T/F: Fitness should never be used as punishment in interscholastic athletics
A teacher/coach discusses goals and successes achieved over the last 2 weeks just before the next big game. This is an attempt to build self-confidence by using which source of self-confidence?
Which of the following best describes "relatedness" in interscholastic athletics?
being connected to others on the team
if we are to ensure that all students are included and fully engaged in athletics, the teacher/coach needs to work hard to establish an environment that promotes task involvement
How can a teacher/coach increase the level of student relatedness on the team
take time to get to know students
Which of the following best describes the communication process?
communication involves creating, delivering, and receiving messages effectively
Which is a SMART goal?
i would like to jump 6 ft. 1 in. in the high jump by the end of the season
research has shown that the optimal level of arousal for the performance of a particular athletic task is dependent on which of the following variables?
task itself and individual performing the task
which of the following are strategies for communicating info non-verbally?
maintain eye contact, smile, maintain a posture of relaxed confidence
a teacher/coach is clapping and gives the following feedback after a drill, "Good effort on that last drill. you are really keeping intensity high." which statement best describes the use of this feedback statement?
It is an appropriate use of feedback for reinforcement because it uses verbal compliments to reward desirable behaviors.
A distance runner sets a goal of reducing her 5000-meter time by two seconds form her previous time by the end of the month. Which type of goal does this represent?
Breakdowns in concentration often take place when a student is?
physically fatigued, paying attention to something that is irrelevant, unable to identify what is most important in a situation
which of the following is an appropriate strategy to help reduce levels of anxiety?
provide positive feedback, when and where appropriate, and look to optimize the development of a student's ability
how can jeremy's teacher/coach foster task-involvement?
provide challenging drills that help him improve his skills, encourage him to focus on personal improvement
active listener who listens with empathy
ask questions to prove for additional insight or simply encourage your student to keep talking
How sleep can positively affect performance
-enhanced growth recovery post training and competition
-improved cognitive performance and mood state
-reduced risk injury
-enhanced power performance
Which of the following is true about the typical training week?
Follow high stress days by physiologically easier days and focus on techniques and tactics
T/f: Males continue to make significant weight gains until age 22 and differential weight changes can cause some males to try to become heavier by using supplements or performance enhancing substances.
T/F: Unexplained changes in body composition, mood swings, and performance increases or decreases, all can signal the use of PES
When heat-related illness symptoms are apparent a teacher/coach should...
Move student out of sun into shade or cooler environment, encourage skin cooling evaporation using water and fans
students can check hydration status
urine looks like apple juice= dehydrated
what represents a good strategy for post-workout snacks or meals?
a carb snack consumed w/in 30 min after competition or practice will allow the body to start the recovery practice faster
An Activity that is short in time (<10 seconds) and has few repetitions predominately uses the _____ energy system
Training during competitive season should
focus on improving anaerobic systems and tactics and techniques related to the sport
main difference b/w aerobic and anaerobic replenishment of energy
the use of oxygen
principle of periodization would say
rest is an important component of your training program
Which statements is NOT true about growth spurts
peak velocity of growth spurt starts sooner in males than females
a pre-game meal should:
contain high-carb food that represent 2/3 of the meal
which statement best represents what occurs during the body of the workout?
with little rest between repetitions, fatigue will place increased stress on the ability of the student to execute the desired technique correctly, but it will also stimulate energy replenishing mechanisms
an effective cool down typically
lasts 10 minutes and involves low intensity activity similar to that used in the sport
coaches who use the principles of periodization and individualization in their program will significantly minimize injuries
for every pound lost during practice, a student should drink how much fluid?
which guidelines should a teacher/coach incorporate into a program evaluation?
-evaluate whether the program achieved its stated learning objectives and goals,
-determine how successful you were in teaching
-be proactive in identifying areas of concern and use this opportunity to make changes and enhance your program
-collect info from all stakeholders included your AD, students, and parents
Technical skill development should be the primary focus during which stage of learning?
during the beginning stage of learning, the coach can use which of the following learning tactics?
focus on general idea of how to execute a technique and provide feedback after every success
constant practice would be most effective in learning a skill under which conditions?
when the conditions under which the skill is executed do not change, when students are just starting to learn the skill
to engage in effective observation for tactical interviewing a teacher should
closely observe students and evaluate whether students are making the "right choice" at the "right time" in the "right place"
before providing feedback regarding a poor tactical performance, a coach should
assess whether the student has the physiological or technical skill to be able to execute the tactical decision
T/F: designing programs that combine all 3 learning styles is the most effective approach in the promotion of learning
When a task is open, a teacher should design practice sessions to:
be predominantly "game-like" so that the student becomes better at adapting, adjusting, and anticipating changes
which of the following is true about the length and duration of practice?
if a skill causes fatigue or demands intense concentration practice sessions should be short and frequent
Complete the sentence: The decision to use whole, combined, or part approach when teaching a skill should be determined by the ____ and _____ of the skill
Interdependence and complexity
which statement best reflects the elements that should be incorporated into an effective practice plan?
learning objectives, equipment requirements, structure of each session, and important points to emphasize during practice sessions
which of the following tips can be helpful during a pre-game speech?
-brief and use to time to reinforce what you have been coaching all week or all season
-help students focus on what is important
-offer positive encouragement and reinforce the game plan that the student or team has worked on all week
a teacher/coach is interested in evaluating student progress in the program. which suggestion would you offer the teach/coach?
-develop list of activities and behaviors vital to development and performance and then on a weekly basis have students evaluate themselves on each activity/behavior. Meet with students to discuss their progress
The best use of post-competition time is
to briefly reinforce the behaviors you observed that were consistent with the values of the program and remind students to follow post-competition hydration and nutrition plans