Terms in this set (25)
Why did Great Britain want control over the colonies?
• Great Britain desired to remain a world power. • In the American colonies, Great Britain's desire to remain a world power resulted in a conflict with the French known as the French and
• Great Britain imposed taxes, such as the Stamp Act, to raise necessary revenue to pay the cost of the French and Indian War.
Why did Great Britain tax the colonies?
• To help finance the French and Indian War • To help finance the maintenance of British troops in the colonies
Why were the colonists upset with Great Britain?
• The colonies had no representation in Parliament.
• Some colonists resented the power of the colonial governors.
• Great Britain wanted strict control over colonial legislatures.
• The colonies opposed the British taxes.
• The Proclamation of l763, which followed the French and Indian War, restricted the western movement of settlers.
What was the Proclamation of 1763?
-It restricted the western movement of settlers.
Where did the key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence originate?
-Key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence were based upon ideas first expressed by European philosophers.
What are the key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence?
• People have "certain unalienable rights" (rights that cannot be taken away)—to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness.
• People establish government to protect those rights.
• Government derives power from the people.
• People have a right and a duty to change a government that violates their rights.
What was King George III's role in the Revolutionary War?
-British king during the Revolutionary era
What was Lord Cornwallis' role in the Revolutionary War?
-British general who surrendered at Yorktown
What was John Adams' role in the Revolutionary War?
-Championed the cause of independence
What was George Washington's role in the Revolutionary War?
-Commander of the Continental Army
What was Thomas Jefferson's role in the Revolutionary War?
-Major author of the Declaration of Independence
What was Patrick Henry's role in the Revolutionary War?
-Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses -Inspired colonial patriotism with "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
What was Benjamin Franklin's role in the Revolutionary War?
-Prominent member of Continental Congress -Helped frame the Declaration of Independence
What was Phillis Wheatley's role in the Revolutionary War?
-Enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence who eventually gained her freedom
What was Paul Revere's role in the Revolutionary War?
-Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of the British arrival
Describe the Boston Massacre
-Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers
Describe the Boston Tea Party
-Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into the Boston Harbor to protest
Which two people led the Boston Tea Party?
-Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and to promote independence
Which colony did not attend the First Continental Congress?
Describe the Battle of Lexington and Concord
-these were the sites of the first armed conflicts of the Revolutionary War
Describe the approval of the Declaration of Independence
-Colonies declared independence from Great Britain on July 4, 1776
Describe the Battle of Saratoga
-This American victory was the turning point in the war
Describe the Surrender at Yorktown
-This was the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War
Describe the Signing of the Treaty of Paris
-Great Britain recognized American independence in this treaty
What advantages helped the American colonists with the Revolutionary War?
-Some colonists' defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs
-Additional support from France
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