22 terms

יהדות 1-4

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אֶמוּנת השם
believing in Hashem
עַבוֹדָה זָרָה
idol worship
מִצְוַת עַשֵה
a positive Mitzvah (you have to do something to keep the Mitzvah. like putting on Tefilin or eating Matzah on Pesach)
מִצְוַת לא תַּעשֶה
a negative Mitzvah (you have to NOT do something to keep the Mitzvah. like not eating non kosher, or not hating your friend).
לידע שיש שם אלוקה
believe and know that there is a G-d
שֶלא יַעֲלֶה בְּמַחְשָבָה שֶיֵש שָם אֶלוֹהַ זוּלָתִי השם
do not believe there is any god other than Hashem
לְיַחְדוֹ
Believe and know that Hashem is the only G-d
מִצְוֹת שֶבְּמַחְשָבַה
Mitzvot which are only done in your mind, not with an action.
מִצְוֹת תְמִידִיוֹת
the Mitzvot must be done at every moment
לַאו שֶאֵין בּוֹ מַעֲשֶה
An aveirah that has no action (which is generally not punishable by Beit Din)
שֶבַע מִצְוֹת בּנֵי נחַ
The 7 Mitzvot which all people are required to keep
מצות יראת ה׳
Fear of Hashem
מצות אהבת ה׳
Loving Hashem
לקדש שמו
Making the name of Hashem holy
שלא לחלל שמו
Not disgracing the name of Hashem
מסירת נפש
Giving up ones life for Hashem
גילוי עריות
Living as married with someone who is forbidden to you
שפיכות דמים
Killing another person
When is one required to required to give up his or her life יהרג ואל יעבר
עבודה זרה, גילוי עריות, ושפיכת דמים
קידוש ה׳ in three ways
1. Giving up your life when required by the Torah.
2. Doing a Mitzvah just because Hashem commanded you to.
3. Acting in a way that brings honor to Hashem
In 3 ways חילול ה׳
1. Not giving up your life when required by the Torah.
2. Doing Aveirot just to go against Hashem's commandments.
3. Acting in a way that brings shame to Hashem.
וְחַי בָּהֶם
Saving a life is more important than any Mitzvah besides for the 3. Of יהרוג ואל יעבור
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