66 terms

13 Colonies (66 terms)

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A piece of land that is owned by another country. A group of people from a distant land who are ruled by the government of their native land
colony
Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
indentured servant
a person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them. African slaves were used in the colonies.
slave
*religious freedom
*political freedom
*economic opportunity [land, fur trading, to search for gold, freedom for debtors, indentured servants]
Why did the English colonize North America?
New Hampshire, Massachusetts (includes present day Maine), Rhode Island and Connecticut
Name the New England Colonies:
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, Delaware
Name the Middle Colonies:
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Georgia
Name the Southern Colonies:
The Pilgrims wanted Religious freedom. They were persecuted by the members of the Anglican Church for their different religious beliefs.
Pilgrim
settlement location of the Pilgrims
Plymouth, MA
Mayflower Compact was the first attempt at democratic government in the U.S. They agreed to work together to make laws.
What was the importance of the Mayflower Compact?
Sometimes the relationship was friendly [traded], at other times hostile [wars]. The steady flood of settlers from Europe caused an invasion on Native American land. Many tribes were forced to move west.
What was the relationship between the Native Americans and the Colonists? [overall]
A route that exchanged goods between the west Indies, the American Colonies, and West Africa Slaves were part of this trade.
triangular trade
Large farms that used slave labor to grow cash crops [Southern Colonies] The plantation usually was located on a river, so goods could be transported easily it also included slave quarters, as well as buildings for specific industries such as : blacksmith, shoe maker, carpenter, etc.
plantation
-Without good soil for farming, New England settlers used other resources at their disposal to make a profit:
Forests → lumber
Oceans → fishing
Good harbors → trading centers
How did the environment impact the economy in the New England Colonies?
-access to natural resources allows them to make a profit - farming, lumber for shipbuilding, good natural harbors for trading
How did the environment impact the economy in the Middle Colonies?
-good soil for farming cash crops like tobacco, rice, indigo, and cotton
How did the environment impact the economy in the Southern Colonies?
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
-Traders, shipbuilders, fisherman
What was the system of labor in the New England colonies?
Short, humid summers and long harsh winters, rocky soil [not very fertile], short growing season, forests for lumber, oceans with plentiful fish/whaling
What was the environment like in the New England Colonies?
Warm summers, cold winters, forests, fertile soil [soil with the proper nutrients so crops can grow easily] and moderate growing season
What was the environment like in the middle colonies?
Warm summers, very mild winters, very fertile soil, long growing season
What was the environment like in the southern colonies?
Fishing, Whaling Shipbuilding
These are the 3 major jobs in the New England Region
Religious Freedom
Why were colonies in the New England Region formed
Fishing
This how people got their food in New England
Short Summers, Long Snowy Winters
This was the climate in the New England
Rocky
This is what the soil in New England is like
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
This is the 1st Constitution in the Colonies
Thomas Hooker
This was the founder of Connecticut who founded Connecticut for Religious Freedom
Roger Williams
This was the founder of Rhode Island who founded Rhode Island for Religious Freedom
Anne Hutchinson
This woman questioned the Puritan Church and was kicked out of Massachusetts
Mild Climate with Good, Fertile Soil
This is the climate and soil in the Middle Region
Wheat, Barley, Rye, Corn
This is what the farms produced in the Middle Region
Middle
Which region was known for having diverse culture?
Important Trading Port/Harbor
This is why New York was so valuable to England
William Penn
This was the founder of Pennsylvania who established Pennsylvania for the Quaker Religion
Quaker
This is the religion William Penn was a part of
Peacefulness & Equality for all
These are the beliefs the Quaker Religion followed
Farming Tobacco
This is the major job in the Southern Region
Warm Climate with Good, Fertile Soil
This is the climate and soil in the Southern Region
Cash Crops
This is what the farms produced in the Southern Region
Plantation
A large farm that grows cash crops with lots of workers in the South
Slave
Someone who is forced to work on a plantation down South
James Oglethorpe
This was the founder of Georgia
Triangular Trade
Transferring of slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, American colonies and the European colonial powers
Virginia House of Burgesses
1st representative assembly (or self-governing body)in Vi rginia
Mayflower Compact
1620, 1st document to establish representative government in the colonies
England believed their colonies in North America were meant to be a resource to help England make money.
Purpose for having colonies
Farmers grew cash crops, there were industries such as lumber and iron mills, and New York and Philadelphia were large trading centers.
Middle Colonies economy
Depended on plantations(large farms) producing large amounts of cash crops, especially rice and tobacco.
Southern colonies economy
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Mayflower compact
farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is produced
subsistence farming
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
cash crop
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Middle Passage
In 1661 a set of "codes" was made. It denied slaves basic fundamental rights, and gave their owners permission to treat them as they saw fit.
slave codes
Acts passed in 1660 passed by British parliament to increase colonial dependence on Great Britain for trade; limited goods that were exported to colonies; caused great resentment in American colonies.
Navigation Acts
able to provide there own needs
self sufficient
Bacon lead frontier farmers and burned homes of the elite in Jamestown
Bacon's rebellion
A document that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area
charter
A colony ruled by a governor who was appointed by the king or queen
royal colony
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
Jamestown
A land owner in new Netherlands who had to bring 50 settlers to the colony to help settle his land
patroon
Group of Puritan separatists who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
Pilgrims
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Puritans
brother to King Charles II and founder of New York
Duke of York
A form of Protestantism in which the believers were pacifists and would shake at the power of the word of the Lord
quakers
MIDDLE COLONIES
-traders, shipbuilders, farmers
What was the system of labor in the middle colonies?
SOUTHERN COLONIES
-slavery, farmers, some specialized jobs (shoemaker, carpenter etc.)
What was the system of labor in the southern colonies?