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Mr. Marcel Unit Exam (Semester 2)(Enlightenment, Restoration, Gothic Novel)
Terms in this set (117)
Between which years did the Enlightenment occur?
Between which years did the Restoration occur?
Between which years did the Neoclassical (Augustan Age) occur?
What is the Neoclassical era also known as?
Civil War (not the American one)
The English Restoration followed what significant event?
The English Restoration saw the restoration of what?
King Charles II
Which king took power in 1660 and marks the beginning of the English Restoration?
Who had ruled over England before King Charles II?
King Charles II was also known as what?
Augustus Caesar (who brought peace to Rome after several civil wars)
King Charles II was likened to which Roman figure?
What Roman ideal did Neoclassical poets follow?
verse satire, prose, verse criticism
During the Enlightenment, poetry saw the growth of ____________ ____________, ____________, and ______________ ____________.
Ben Jonson was a ______________________ poet.
What verse form became the standard during the Neoclassical era?
rhymed heroic play
Define: heroes/heroines face impossible struggles (characteristic of Dryden)
During the Enlightenment, what was the new form of opera that was introduced?
Dryden published "All for Love" in which year?
social/ceremonial concerns, playwright, formal verse satire
John Dryden had three distinct literary periods in his life; what are they (chronologically)?
True/False: Dryden's satire and poetic language is the superbly civilized Augustan style; it is dignified, unaffected, precise, and near-musical
Who became England's first literary critic?
The invention of what helped further nonfictional prose (like criticism and reporting on current events)
Define: making fun of people of whom you disapprove
Jonathan Swift wrote which famous novel?
In his novel "Gulliver's Travels," who does Swift seem to be critiquing?
When was Jonathan Swift's novel "Gulliver's Travels" published?
In which city was Jonathan Swift born?
false (his parents were English)
True/False: Jonathan Swift was born of Irish parents.
Which college did Jonathan Swift attend?
Which political party did Jonathan Swift abandon because of their indifference to the welfare of the Anglican Church in Dublin?
St. Patrick's Cathedral
Jonathan Swift became the dean of which cathedral in Dublin?
In what year did Jonathan Swift become "the leader of the Irish resistance to English oppression"?
True/False: Jonathan Swift was a self-proclaimed misanthrope, imaginative and witty...sharp satire
When did Jonathan Swift publish "A Modest Proposal"?
The Romantic period took place between which two years?
Revolutionary War, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution
Which three monumental revolutions occurred, giving way to the Romantic period?
The Romantic age would be considered a ___________________ age.
True/False: science and technology saw little advancement during the Romantic period.
True/False: the Romantic period saw the birth of "out loud" anti-government writing.
True/False: the Romantic period believed in a more egalitarian and inclusive society
Romantic poets admired the French Revolution for its breaking from the __________________ powers of the past.
Byron, Shelley, Keats
Which three poets constitute the younger generation of Romantic poets?
The younger generation of Romantic poets grew up in a society dominated by the repressive ____________ governments.
Who was Mary Shelley's mother (hint: she asserted that women possess an equal intellectual capacity and talents as men)
Which author wrote "Vindication of the Rights of Woman"?
When did Mary Wollstonecraft write "Vindication of the Rights of Woman"?
Who did Mary Wollstonecraft marry?
William Godwin was a promoter of what type of philosophy?
During the Romantic age, _____________ became a source of mystical inspiration.
false (he was born into a lower middle class family)
True/False: William Blake was born into an upper middle class family.
True/False: William Blake was self-taught.
engraver (and an illustrator)
William Blake worked as a what?
William Blake was fond of which revolution?
William Blake found inspiration in which work by John Milton?
false (he engraved his own work)
True/False: Blake hired an engraver to add an artistic element to his poems.
"Songs of Innocence" (what we were/could be) and "Songs of Experience" (what we are)
Which two collections of poems did William Blake compile?
William Blake's "Songs of Innocence" is inherently _________________.
True/False: In "Songs of Innocence," faith is strong enough to transcend the power of the world.
True/False: In "Songs of Experience," William Blake celebrates the ability to sustain or recover from loss of innocence.
Define: evil in the world is inherent in being born into the world
Neoplatonism says what things limit man's capacity for perception?
genius (or imagination)
According to Neoplatonism, through what can man be freed?
true (belief in the existence of a transcendent one)
True/False: Neoplatonism suggests that there exists a single source from which all existence emanates and with which an individual soul can be mystically united.
Neoplatonism suggest that _________________ and __________________ (seen as synonymous) can be achieved through philosophical contemplation.
William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Which two poets published the work "Lyrical Ballads"?
When did Wordsworth and Coleridge publish "Lyrical Ballads"?
An expanded edition of "Lyrical Ballads" features what by Wordsworth that is regarded as the official beginning of Romanticism in England?
Wordsworth and Coleridge deal with ____________ subjects in "Lyrical Ballads."
false (Wordsworth dealt with the intense feelings that nature inspired in him, with rural life, with the simple pleasures of ordinary experiences)
True/False: Wordsworth focused on the pains of city life and issues that industrialization brought about.
Coleridge focused primarily on the _____________________ in his work.
Wordsworth spend the last 20 years of his life as __________ _______________, writing hideously boring sonnets about the history of the English church.
spots of time
Wordsworth's "Prelude" focuses on certain "____________ ____ ____________" in which outwardly trivial experiences (seeing a flock of sheep in the fog, for example) take on a magical significance.
Wordsworth's and Coleridge's goal was to deeply probe the __________ ___________.
we have come too late, the world has lost its innocence, technology (and science and business) is ruining things
Wordsworth and Coleridge feature which three main themes?
Which work by Wordsworth is a lyric meditation on memory, guiding the reader through a series of emotional states?
false (they all died very young - a Romantic ideal)
True/False: Byron, Shelley, and Keats all lived long lives which allowed them all to publish a plethora of literature.
Define: a gloomy, self-absorbed, passionate non-conformist, who views ordinary people with contempt.
Lord Byron is best known for which long satirical poem?
Lord Byron did not like which two Romantic poets?
Lord Byron claimed allegiance to which eighteenth century group?
Lord Byron's poetry is arguably more ___________.
Percy Bysshe Shelley (THINK POLITICAL)
Which poet was an eccentric and rebellious aristocrat, hating any kind of conventional authority
Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote which quasi-Greek tragedy?
Percy Bysshe Shelley borrowed which poetic model established by Dante?
Define: poetic form containing three line stanzas linked by recurring rhymes
Define: long, ceremonious lyric often with complex stanza structure, characterized by lofty feeling, dignified style
John Keats was apprenticed as which two professions?
What was John Keats' first long work called (it was savaged by reviewers)
True/False: John Keats' major subjects of his poetry are the absorption in love and beauty, and the problems these ideals meet in the real world
John Keats equated Beauty to what?
John Keats' poetry is full of _________________.
"Frankenstein" contains elements of what two literary styles?
Who wrote "Frankenstein"?
When did the Gothic genre begin?
"The Castle of Otranto" (1754)
With which novel did the Gothic genre begin?
Who wrote "The Castle of Otranto"?
Define: a work set in some exotic place like Italy and involving a heroine (or, less often, hero) in a struggle with the mysteriously evil and seemingly supernatural; a landscape of vast, dark forest with vegetation that bordered on excessive, concealed ruins with horrific rooms, monasteries and a forlorn character who excels at the melancholy
How old was Mary Shelley when "Frankenstein" was published?
Mary Shelley's ____________ died 11 days after her birth?
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Who did Mary Shelley marry?
Where did Mary Shelley begin to write "Frankenstein"?
When did Mary Shelley begin (not publish) to write "Frankenstein"?
When was Mary Shelley's novel "Frankenstein" published?
One of the guests at Lake Geneva was Dr. John Polidori, who wrote which novel that inspired Bram Stoker's "Dracula"?
half-sister, Percy's first wife
Which two of Mary Shelley's family members committed suicide?
true (Clara and Will both died)
True/False: Mary Shelley lost two of her three children.
Which of Mary Shelley's family members died at sea?
false (she tirelessly promoted it)
True/False: Mary Shelley hid her late husband's work.
brain cancer (in 1851)
Mary Shelly died of what?
Switzerland, Germany, Scotland, Arctic (and other places in Europe)
Where does "Frankenstein" take place?
True/False: laboratories and scientific experiments were not known to the average reader, thus this was an added element of mystery and gloom
True/False: In "Frankenstein," Mary Shelley's focus on raising the dead would have horrified the average reader.
In Gothic novels, the characters seem to bridge the ________________ world and the _______________ one.
Mary Shelley was influenced by which work in her creation of "Frankenstein"?
Who is credited with the Promethean myth?
"The Modern Prometheus"
What is the subtitle of "Frankenstein"?
In the __________ myth, Prometheus steals fire from the gods and gives it to man. Zeus then punishes him by fixing him to a rock where each day a predatory bird comes to devour his liver.
In the ___________ myth, Prometheus makes man from clay and water.
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