Civics, Executive Branch I (powers)
Terms in this set (16)
Veto / sign / pocket veto / not sign
Four things that the President can do regarding laws
President does not sign a bill, and within 10 days of adjournment at the end of a session. The bill DOES NOT become law.
The President can veto a bill (explicitly reject it, and send it back to Congress so they can decide whether to try to override).
if the president does not sign a bill, and after 10 days, Congress has not adjourned at the end of session, what happens?
It becomes law
(For example: in 1919, when Woodrow Wilson became sick, 28 bills became law without his signature. President's also sometimes choose to not sign a law that they disagree with, but that they know there is strong support for.)
Congress can ____________ a President's veto with 2/3 vote in each chamber (very difficult to do)
executes or enforces or carries out the law
The executive branch __________________________ the law.
(For example, US Citizenship and Immigration Services is in the executive branch.
It is part of the Department of Homeland Security, also in the executive branch.
It carries out immigration law, which is passed by Congress (the legislative branch--Congress--makes the laws; the executive branch carries them out.)
In this capcity, the agencies and departments spend money that is appropriated by Congress
Head of State / Head Diplomat
In this capacity, the president meets with foreign leaders. The Department of State (which is in the executive branch) handles diplomoacy.
Congress ____________________ money (that is, approves a certain amount of money to be spent) and the executive branch spends the money in the process of executing the laws.
The President _____________________ federal judges (including Supreme Court justices) and officials in high-level positions in the executive branch; the Senate must confirm these nominations.
The President is _______________________________ of the military, although Congress declares war.
(This is an example of checks and balances)
The President has the power to ________________ people for federal crimes (even if they haven't been yet charged).
State of the Union Address
The president is required to give this address to Congress once annually. (Originally, they delivered it by letter, rather than in person).
this branch interprets the law, and can declare a law unconstitutional
This branch can set up the federal courts, change what cases the courts can take on appeal, and impeach / remove from office judges.
Article I Section 8
Provides the list of enumerated powers of Congress, plus the necessary and proper and clause
Powers of the President are found in this Article of the Constitution.
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