35 terms

Lynch - Fertile Crescent / Mesopotamia

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Terms in this set (...)

Empire
groups states or countries ruled over by a single person
Fertile Crescent
a boomerang -shaped region containing fertile areas in modern day Iraq
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
Assyrians
first large army to use iron weapons
Stele
A carved stone that showed historical events.
city-state
a city that governs itself and its surrounding territory
Babylon
the capital of Babylonia; a city of great wealth and luxury
code of laws
a collection of written laws and rules
siege
the surrounding of a place in order to force it to surrender
battering ram
a powerful weapon with a wooden beam mounted on wheels, used often to break down gates/doors
religion
a set of spiritual beliefs, values, and practices
palaces
where the kings lived
ninevah
Assyrian capital city located on the Tigris famous for its library of cuneiform tablets.
aqueduct
Structures used to carry flowing water from a distance
bas reliefs
two-dimensional sculptures
irrigation
A way of supplying water to an area of land
canals
human-made waterways
economy
A system in which people make, exchange and use things that have value.
trade
Exchange of goods and services
ziggurat
an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower
sundial
a device that uses the position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Built by king Nebuchadnezzar, a huge jungle tower.It is one of the seven wonders of the world.
Persia
Mesopotamian empire that conquered the existing Neo-Babylonian empire
Chariot
Horse drawn two - four wheel wagon used in warfare
Nebuchadnezzar
The Neo-Babylonians most famous king who was a ruthless military leader.
moat
a deep, wide ditch, often filled with water
cuneiform
the world's first system of writing
beer
Mesopotamian drink made from grains, water and yeast; was safer to drink than river water.
Epic of Gilgamesh
an epic poem story from Mesopotamia that is known as the earliest known book (piece of literature)
Uruk, Ur and Eridu
The oldest city-states in Mesopotamia.
Sargon
Akkadian leader- first ruler to have a permanent army
Phoenicians
An ancient Mesopotamian Empire that created first alphabetic writing system
Babylonian battery
Primitive clay pot filled with vinegar with an inserted copper and iron rod that generates electricity
Gilgamesh
A legendary King of Uruk, main character in Epic of Gilgamesh
Enkidu
Gilgamesh's best friend

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