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Terms in this set (33)
What are the Puritans generally characterized as?
Grim and judgmental this was a myth
What was the puritan way of life?
work ethic, goal centeredness, and subservice of pleasure of duty.
What two puritan themes are apparent in early literature?
Countries role as an idealistic leader and practical innovator, and Christian attitude towards the world.
What are the major changes over the era of Early American Literature?
Expanding population, colonial principles went from religious to secular, the colonies gained independence from England.
When was Jamestown Virginia settled?
When did the Mayflower arrive in New England?
When was Plymouth surpassed by Massachusetts Bay Colony?
What government did the Puritans want in the colonies?
What was the primary purpose of Early American Literature?
instruction of religious improvement and education.
Why did the Separatists leave England?
They were upset with the adjoined Anglican and Roman Catholic Church.
Why did the Puritans leave England?
To purify the church in the New World.
wrote A general history, and A true relation, nearly put to death by Indians, led Jamestown to become successful, went to the New World to find wealth and territory for England
wrote The secret diary, and The history of the dividing line. 18th century aristocrat born to wealth and power. humanist
wrote of plymoth plantation, orphan sailed on the mayflower, was elected governor of the colony relied on god for his life
wrote letter from boston, wanted theocratic government
mary Rowlandson wrote a narrative of the captivity and restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson
Samuel Sewall was a judge at the salem witch trials
Anne Bradstreat was a famous author
Edward taylor was a pastor and the town physician
John Edwards desired to please God as stated in his diary.
What are the two puritan themes in the literature in the early period?
This country's role as idealistic leader and practical innovator. Christians live in this world but they were not of this world.
Major changes during the period of early American literature ( aprox 200 years)
Population changed from immigrant to American born. Decisions made by government went from religious, to secular, to materialistic. Political system went from colonial dependency on England to independent America.
Why does early literature reflect English background?
literature grows out of personal experience and people from that time came to New England from the United States.
What was the primary purpose of literature in early America?
Instruction primarily for religious improvement.
What were literary characteristics of early American style of writing?
clarity, simplicity of word choice and organization, no elaborate figurative expression, naturalness.
What were people seeking when hey went to Jamestown in 1607?
In 1620 what sustained the mayflower colonists through their first years in the new world?
The will to succeed and their confidence in Gods providential care.
From 1630-1640 (The great migration) what kind of changes were seen in the immigrants coming to America?
Unlike the original colonists they were relatively wealthy and influential puritans came because of political and religious persecution. Settled in Massachusetts bay colony.
What form of government did the Massachusetts puritans want for their state government?
Theocracy governed by the bible and God.
Name two religious reasons for immigration to the new world.
Religious persecution in England, and to put their religious ideals into operation and form a theocracy.
What were some of the secular reasons for immigration?
Adventure, personal wealth, chance to change your status in society.
Those who try to reform the church of England.
wanted to break away from the church of England were called pilgrims.
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