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Unit 11 Japan Before Modern Times
Terms in this set (29)
These people introduced the technique of growing rice in irrigated fields.
Why does so much of the Japanese diet come from the ocean?
Because they are surrounded by ocean and seas; helped boost population.
Who was Japan's first shogun?
What was a core value in Japanese families?
Shotoku sent official representatives to this country to study arts and government.
What does Heian mean?
"Capital of peace and tranquility"
These were the two most powerful of the warrior clans.
Taira and Minamoto
He sent officials to Japan to demand tribute.
What did Matthew Perry force Japan to do?
To open trade
In Japanese, samurai means what?
Those who serve.
What does the movement of Earth's plates underneath Japan produce?
Who wrote The Tale of Genji?
What is Edo?
Capital in present day Tokyo
This is the main island of Japan.
What is the traditional religion of Japan?
What common factor united people in a specific clan in early Japan?
The marriage of lies
What did the title of shogun originally mean?
Supreme military commander
What did peasants give their daimyo in return for the protection his samurai offered?
Share of crop
The Taika Reforms made Japan more like this Chinese Dynasty.
Which people were most likely to attend a Kabuki performance?
Farmers, Merchants, Common folk
What was the purpose of formal tea ceremonies?
To calm the mind and heart
Japan is an archipelago. What does that mean?
A chain of Islands
This is a god or spirit who represents a force of nature in the Japanese religion.
This is a social system in which landowners granted people land and other rewards in exchange for military service or labor.
The Minamoto's defeated this force in a final clash at sea.
What are the 2 differences between Shinto and Buddhism.
1. Shinto originated from ancient Chinese inscription. Buddhism has its inception from Siddhartha Gautama.
2. Shinto worships the forces of nature, whereas Buddhism is all about following on ethical code and meditation.
How did the Yamato clan become so powerful?
By being Shogun and serving as advisor.
Explain Korea's role in introducing Buddhism to Japan.
Buddhism arrived from Korea in 538 from Shotoku to unite the Japanese people.
Why did clan leaders feel threatened by the spread of Buddhism in Japan?
Because the head of a clan was also considered a religious leader. If people stopped worshiping their Kami, clan leaders would lost importance.