21 terms

Chapter 4 - First Age of Empires

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Hyksos
Ruled Egypt from 1640-1570 BC
Hatshepsut (hat-SHEHP-soot)
Declared herself pharaoh of New Kingdom of Egypt around 1472 BC because her stepson was a young child. She spent her reign encouraging trade rather than waging war.
Nile flows in what direction?
North
Nineveh (NIHN-uh-vuh)
King Sennacherb who had burned Babylon established Assyria's capital along the Tigris River here. It also was home to one of the ancient world's largest libraries.
Nebuchadnezzar (NEHB-uh_kuhd-NEHZ-uhr)
Chaldean king who restored Babylon around 600 B.C.
Cyrus
Persian king who was a military genius who controlled an empire spanning 2000 miles around 550 B.C.
Cambyses
Son of Cyrus who expanded the Persian Empire by conquering Egypt.
Darius
Persian king who governed an empire that spanned 2,500 was known for his administration and governing by dividing it into 20 provinces.
Satrap (SAY-trap)
A governor who ruled locally over a province within the Persian Empire.
Royal Road
Famous road that connected Susa in Persia to Sardis in Anatolia.
Zoroaster (ZAWR-oh-AS-tuhr)
Persian prophet who lived around 600 B.C. who taught belief in one god (Ahura Mazda) who will judge everyone based on how well he or she fought the battle for good. Teaching called Zoroastrinianism.
Confucius
Chinese scholar who had a deep desire to restore order and moral living of earlier times to Chinese society. Philosophy centered on five basic relationships.
Filial piety
Respect for their parents and ancestors.
Laozi (low-dzuh)
Chinese philosopher who taught about the significance of the natural order around 6th century B.C.
Daoism
Chinese ethical system whose belief that the natural order involves relations among all living things. Universal force is called the Dao, meaning the Way, guides all things.
Legalism
Was founded by Hanfeizi and Li Si that believes a highly efficient and powerful government with punishments are key to maintaining social order.
Ying and Yang
Two powers that represent the natural rhythms of life. Yin is cold and dark. Yang is warm and bright.
Qin Dynasty
Replaced Zhou Dynasty.
Shi Huangdi
Qin ruler in 221 BC who became the First Emperor and unified China through legalist governing principles.
Autocracy
a government that has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner.
Great Wall of China
Defensive wall built by peasants to discourage attacks.