Creating the constitution
Terms in this set (55)
Albany Plan of Union:
plan put forward by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed at uniting the 13 colonies for tree, military, and other purposes; never enacted.
those person who opposed the adoption of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
is a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.
a formal protest, in which one refuses to purchase or do business with an establishment.
the process of reconciling competing views, and interest in order to find the position most acceptable to the largest number.
form of government in which an alliance of independent states, creates a central government. A very limited power; the member states has supreme authority over all matters except in those few areas in which they have expressly delegated power to the central government.
agreement during the constitutional convention that Congress should be composed of the Senate, in which the states would be represented equally, and the house, in which representation would be based upon a states population.
system of government in which supreme authority rests with the people.
form of government in which those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people.
those person who supported the adoption of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
the group who came together in 1787 two draft the Constitution of the United States.
New Jersey plan
an alternative to the Virginia plan, would have kept the unicameral Congress also called for a federal executive of more than one person. This plural executive would be chosen by Congress and could be removed by an at the request of a majority of the states governors. The federal judiciary would be composed of a single supreme tribunal, appointed by the executive. The legislature would consist of equal representation for each state.
is a government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
basic principle of the American system of government; that the people are the only source of any and all governmental power, that government must be conducted with the consent of the governed.
Slave Trade Compromise
Congress was for bid and the power to tax the export of goods from any state. It was also forbidden the power to act on the slave trade for a period of at least 20 years.
supreme, absolute power of the state within its own territory.
Three fifths compromise
in agreement that the constitutional convention of 1787 that slaves should be considered as three-fifths of a person for purposes of determining the population of the state
describe the dictatorship which exercises complete power over nearly every aspect of human life
form of government in which all of the powers of the government are held by a single agency, as in Great Britain; local governments are completely subordinate to and have only those powers given to them by the central government
offered at the constitutional convention; called for a bicameral legislature, in which representation in both houses would be based on population for financial support for the central government.
Of New Jersey, presented the New Jersey plan for protection of smaller states
father of the constitution; leading federalist, the Virginia compromise is largely his work
Representative democracy, chosen by the people to act as their representatives in government
Describe an indirect democracy.
Creation of the constitution
What resulted from the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
In a democracy supreme political authority rests with who?
Also called a pure democracy is when the people themselves in large meetings vote on an issue
What is a direct democracy?
-who can participate
-geographic distribution of govt power within the state
-relationship between legislative and executive branches of government
All governments can be classified according to what basic features?
National (Federal) and state
In a federal government, power is divided between what to governments?
In our American history, what would be an example of a Confederation government?
-executive and legislative are separate but equal and can block each other's actions
-President is chosen independently of legislature
-holds office for a fixed term (4 years)
-has broad powers not subject to direct control of legislative branch
In a presidential form of government, what are the four basic concepts?
-recognition of the fundamental work and dignity of every person
-of faith and majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights
-acceptance of the necessity of compromise
-insistence of the wildest possible degree of freedom
What are the five basic notions of American democracy?
In a parliamentary system of government the Prime Minister is a part of what branch?
What document is the supreme law of the land?
-maintain Social Order
-provide Public Services
-make Economic Decisions
-provide National Security (CDC) (Homeland security)
What is a purpose of government?
Selected among members of parliament
How is the chief executive chosen in a parliamentary form of government
Who holds the supreme authority in a dictatorship?
Legislative, executive and Judicial
What are the basic powers that every government holds?
The institution used by society to make and enforce laws
What is the definition of government?
Richard Henry Lee
Who proposed during the second Continental Congress independence from Britain?
They supported a strong central government and stressed the weaknesses of the articles of confederation
Why did the Federalists favor ratification of the Constitution?
They had learned under the Articles that if was impossible to get all thirteen States to agree to anything
Why did leaders decide that only nine of the thirteen States would need to ratify the Constitution for it to take effect?
The idea that government is not all-powerful is called
the colonies declared their independence from England
What was the outcome of the Second Continental Congress?
Three-Fifths compromise, Connecticut compromise, and the slave trade compromise
What were the major compromises made during the Constitutional Convention?
Representation in each house based upon each states population
What is a bicameral legislature?
Articles of Confederation
The first attempt to unite the former colonies under a central government was called the?
Favored state control over power
Anti-Federalists initially opposed ratification of the Constitution because
Who became known as the "Father of the Constitution"
Raising taxes and no religious freedom
What made American colonists angry and resentful toward England?
-Congress had trouble passing laws because a vote of 9 out of 13 states were needed
-There was no executive official to ensure that laws were carried out
-Without national courts, there were no means of interpreting laws or carrying out justice
-The Articles of Confederation could not be changed without a unanimous vote
-Each state had its own currency so there was no stable national currency
-The government could not pay its debts
What are some of the major weaknesses under the articles of Confederation?
How the states would be represented in congress
What was the main point of disagreement between supporters of the Virginia and New Jersey plans?
The idea that government can exist and function only with the consent of the governed is called?