39 terms

History Chapter 15 Vocabulary

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lineage
organized groups, believed they are descendants of a common ancestor
Patrilineal
society that trace their ancestors through their fathers
Matrilineal
society that traced its ancestors through their mothers
Stateless Societies
no state community, when lineage groups took the place of rulers, did not have a centralized system of power
Maghrib
part of North Africa that is today the mediterranean
Almoravids
berber group. wanted to spread islam by conquest
Almohads
followed the teachings of ibn tumart. seized power from the almoravids
Ghana
West African kingdom that grew from taxing and controlling trade established: 9-11th century
Mali
West African Empire that flourished from 1235-1400s
Sundiata
Mali's first great leader. Came to power by crushing a cruel, unpopular leader
Mansa Musa
expands Mali. Moat famous of Mali's next rulers. Sundiata's grandson. African Muslim Ruler, built mosques
Ibn Battuta
traveler and historian. Manta Musa's successor, traveled around talking about Islam
Songhai
West African Empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
Hausa
West African people who lived in city states in what is now northern Nigeria
Yoruba
West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin and southern Nigeria
Benin
Kingdom that arose near Niger River delta in the 1300s and became a major West African State in the 1400s
Swahili
Arabic blended with Bantu language
Great Zimbabwe
established by the Shona. Grew into an empire built on gold trade.
How might these characteristics have helped stateless societies to endure for many centuries? Explain.
Since stateless societies did not have a centralized system of power,they were able to stay working for a while. Everyone had equal power, so they resolved their problems quickly
What sorts of food do the Efe hunt and gather in the Ituri Forest?
Women- roots, yams, mushrooms, and wild seed
Men and older boys-hunt small antelope, small mammals, and monkeys
What different types of purposes does the age-set system serve in African societies?
It helped teach discipline, community service, and leadership skills to their young.
What role did the Islam play in the political history of North Africa?
...
What was the main disagreement that the Almorhads had with the Almoravids?
The almohads did not like how the almoravids were breaking away from the Islamic culture
How did the law help to unify Muslim society?
it helped bring order to Muslim society. They went to their religion to solve their problems. They all believed in Islamic Law.
In what ways are hunting-gathering societies and stateless societies similar?
-did not have a centralized government
-depended on family lineages to solve their problems
-Africa had gold-salt trade
What are some similarities between the Mali and Songhai empires?
-had strong leaders
-became wealthy by trade
-controlled timbuk tu
How did Ghana's gold-salt trade work?
-Arab and Berber traders carried salt to market towns of savanna to trade.
-African traders brought gold north from forest regions
-Merchants then met in trading cities to exchange goods while the king's tax collector watched
How did Sunni Ali build an empire?
by military conquest
through his skill as a military commander and his aggressive leadership
What form of government was typical of Hausa city-states?
central authority was its rulers
ministers acted to keep his power in check
Which of the two- the Yoruba or the people of Benin- had more influence on the other?
The Yoruba
The benin made their homes in forests just like the yoruba
Benin based their right to rule claims from Ife
What are some of the similarities between the Hausa city states and other city-states you have read about?
-walled cities
-powerful through trade
-fought one another
-kept eachother in check
What are some of the similarities between Sundiata and Mansa Musa?
-administrators
-ran a good a efficient government
-increased trade in the kingdom of mali
-skilled military leaders
How did the Swahili language develop?
two different cultural groups began interacting, living, and trading with eachother
How was Islam introduced to East Africa?
Muslim traders introduced Islam to East African coasts.
How did the people of Great Zimbabwe positively interact with their environment?
They used the land to produce food and nurture their cattle
Compare the portuguese who arrived in East Africa with the rulers of the Mutapa Empire.
-dominating the trade
-conquering
-acquiring wealth
What were some of the effects of East Africa trade on different cultural groups?
-spread islamic beliefs brought by traders to Africa
-selling/enslaving people
-creation of the swahili language
How is Swahili an example of cultural interaction?
two different cultural groups began interacting, living, and trading with eachother
swahili
arabic and bantu
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