20 terms

pharmacology lab unit 13

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

aspirate
to remove by suction. to pull back on the plunger of syringe to make sure your not in a blood vessel
assessment
systematic gathering and interpretation of data that relates to the patient
hematoma
a blood tumor, collection of blood
hemophilia
a hereditary blood disease
palpate
to feel, examining by means of touch
taut
tight, for example, pulling a persons skin taut
wheal
a slight elevation of the skin that can be produced as a result of an intradermal injection
seven rights of drug administration
1. right patient 2. right medication
3. right dose 4. right route
5. right technique 6. right time
7. right documentation
advantages of parenteral route
effective delivery when oral route is difficult or impossible
not altered by acids, not lost from vomiting
delivery of precise amount of medication to targeted area
disadvantages of parenteral route
risk of infection
allergic reactions
can cause injury
needle can strike bone
can cause a hematoma
guidelines for administering injections
adhere to the 7 rights
select correct needle/syringe unit
prepare supplies, medication, and patient
for SQ/SC and IM injection, use quick, dart like motion
aspirate
remove needle quickly and smoothly
observe patient for reactions
document properly
correct sites for subq
abdomen
upper thigh
upper arms
lower back
upper buttock
correct sites for IM
deltoid
vastus lateralis
ventrogluteal
dorsogluteal
correct sites for intradermal
inner forearm
middle of back
vastus lateralis / preferred for infants and children,
also used for adults/ site depends on age of patient
correct site for Z track method
dorsogluteal
special considerations when administrating insulin
never shake bottle
use correct insulin syringe
rotate sites
do not massage site
ensure insulins are compatible prior to mixing
a subcutaneous injection is given at an angle of
50 degree angle
an intramuscular injection is given at a
90 degree angle
the body areas used for an intradermal injection are
the inner forearm and middle of the back
what muscle is used for giving (adult) deep intramuscular injections
deltoid