AP American Government & Politics today - Chapter 5 Vocab
Terms in this set (...)
All the rights rooted within the 14th amendment's guarantee of equal protection under law.
Laws passed by southern states right after the civil war that denied most legal rights to freed slaves
Jim Crow Laws
Laws enacted by southern states that enforced segregation in schools, in transportation, and in public accommodations.
separate but equal doctrine
the 1896 doctrine holding that separate but equal facilities do not violate the equal protection clause.
A state primary election that restricts voting to whites only; Outlawed by Supreme Court in 1944
Device used by southern states to disenfranchise African Americans. It restricted voting to only those whose grandfather had voted before 1867
A special tax that must be paid as a qualification for voting. The 24th Amendment to the Constitution outlawed the Poll Tax in national elections, and in 1966, the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in all elections.
A test administered as a precondition for voting, often to prevent African Americans from being able to vote
De facto segregation
Racial segregation based on past social/ economic decisions and residential racial patterns
De Jure Segregation
Racial segregation that occurs because of laws or administrative decisions by public agencies.
a nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
A legal writ requiring a person's appearance in court to give testimony
Unwanted physical or verbal conduct or abuse of a sexual nature that interferes with a recipient's job performance, creates a hostile work environment, or carries with it an implicit or explicit threat of adverse employment consequences
A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives special attention or compensatory treatment to traditionally disadvantaged groups in an effort to overcome present effects of past discrimination.
The charge that an affirmative action program discriminates against those who do not have minority status.