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Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
He was the founder of Maryland, a colony which offered religious freedom, and a refuge for the persecuted Roman Catholics.
English explorer and soldier who explored North America and founded the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke in 1587
married Pocahontas and started the planting of tobacco in Jamestown wich made Virginia a succesful colony
The dictator who ruled over England after the English civil war. His death caused the collpase of England's military governmnt
Joint Stock Company
a company in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its future profits
Belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good
Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty between Spain and Portugal dividing newly discovered lands between them
religious reformer who believed in predestination and a strict sense of morality for society
member of the Puritan Church who criticized the teachings of Puritan leaders. She was exiled and moved to Rhode Island.
Archbishop of Canterbury, denied Puritans the right to publish and preach in 1630, was executed in 1645
made an alliance with the native americans, became their leader and attacked the New England settlers
Calvin's term for those destined for salvation, regardless of what actions they may commit during their mortal life on earth.
the first written system of government in North America. It was adopted in Connecticut.
according to Puritans, only these individuals should be admitted to church membership
A formal document, written in 1620, that provided law and order to the Plymouth colony
Dutch West India Company
Trading company chartered by the Dutch government to conduct its merchants' trade in the Americas and Africa.
Great Puritan Migration
many ships delievered people to massachutes to settle in the new world which was becoming populated with Puritans
New England Confederation
early colonial union involving the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, New Haven, and Connecticut settlements
believed in predestination, that God was all knowing and it became the dominant theological credo of the Puritans
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
a commitment made by the Puritans in which they seriously dwelled on working and pursuing worldly affairs.
Massachussetts Bay Company
a company chartered in England to establish a colony on Massachusetts Bay, that founded Boston in 1630.
The Great Awakening
a religious movement that began in the Middle Colonies that renewed many people's interest in religion
A meeting in Albany, New York, in 1754, in which the British colonies attempted to make an alliance with the Iroquois tribe in order to end their differences. The Iroquois, however, rejected the offer.
Institutes of the Christian Religion
John Calvin's major work that established the theology and doctrine of the Calvinist churches
Virginia governor, friendly policies toward inians; monopolized fur trade; was taken over by Nathanial Bacon
the system of temporary servitude, where young men and women bound themselves to masters for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America,
The Virginia Company's system in which settlers and the family members who came with them each received 50 acres of land
the middle portion of the triangular trade that brought African slaves to the Americas
A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attemp to gain more land
American patriot, writer, printer, and inventor. During the Revolutionary War he persuaded the French to help the colonists.
John Peter Zenger
Publisher who criticized the British governor William Cosby. He was taken to trial, but found not guilty. The trial set a precedent for freedom of the press in the colonies.
A mob of Pennsylvania frontiersmen led by the Paxtons who revolted against and massacred a group of non-hostile Indians.
groups who roamed areas of rural South Carolina trying to combat relaxed law enforcement
A British law passed in 1733 to change a trade pattern in the American colonies by taxing molasses imported into colonies not ruled by Britain.
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer who founded Quebec, the first permanent French settlement in North America
The British commander at Battle of Quebec during the French and Indian War. He was killed during the battle
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