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7th Grade - U.S. Constitution Unit
Terms in this set (95)
The introduction to the U.S. Constitution is called the...
Who is remembered as the "Father of the U.S. Constitution?"
What is the Bill of Rights?
The first ten amendments to the Constitution.
What is popular sovereignty?
The idea that a government that gets it's power from the people.
What is republicanism?
Citizens vote for representative to serve in their government.
What is federalism?
The idea that power must be SHARED between the national & state governments.
Under a limited government all people must obey the ____.
Individual rights are the personal liberties & privileges protected by the ______ ___ _______.
Bill of Rights
Congress is bicameral. What does this mean?
Congress has TWO houses.
The _________ describes the 6 goals of the Constitution.
How do we remember the 6 goals of the Constitution?
"F" in FEIPPS stands for...
Form a more perfect union
"E" in FEIPPS stands for...
"I" in FEIPPS stands for...
Insure domestic tranquility
The first "P" in FEIPPS stands for...
Provide for the common defense
The second "P" in FEIPPS stands for...
Promote the general welfare
The "S" in FEIPPS stands for...
Secure liberty to ourselves & our posterity
How many Articles are there in the Constitution?
List the three branches of government.
Legislative, Executive & Judicial
Which is the UPPER house of Congress?
Which is the LOWER house of Congress?
The House of Representatives
Name the TWO houses of Congress.
The Senate & the House of Representatives
For what is the legislative branch responsible?
Making, repealing and amending federal laws.
How many members serve in the House of Representatives?
How many Senators are there in the Senate?
What is the term length of a U.S. Senator?
How old must you be to run for a seat in the Senate?
30 years old
What residency & citizenship requirements are in place before you can run for Senator?
Resident of the state you will serve.
Citizen of the U.S. for 9 years.
What is the term length of a member of the House of Representatives?
How old must you be to run for the House of Representatives?
25 years old
What residency & citizenship requirements are in place before you can run for the House of Reps.?
Resident of the state you will serve.
Citizen of the U.S. for 7 years.
Who is the leading officer of the Senate?
The Vice President of the United States
If the Vice President is unavailable to serve as the leader of the Senate - what officer steps in?
The Pro-Tempore of the Senate
Who is leading officer of the House of Reps.?
The Speaker of the House
How do we remember the 5 Powers of Congress?
The "T" in TRCED stands for Congress' power to...
The "R" in TRCED stands for Congress' power to...
The "C" in TRCED stands for Congress' power to...
The "E" in TRCED stands for Congress' power to...
Establish federal courts
The "D" in TRCED stands for Congress' power to...
If an impeachment trial is necessary, where does the trial BEGIN?
In the House of Representatives
Which house of Congress serves as the JURY in impeachment cases?
How many Senators must agree to convict/"evict" an elected official during an impeachment trial?
2/3 of the Senators
For what is the executive branch responsible?
Enforcing or carrying out the laws of the land.
What is the leader of the executive branch called?
The President of the United States
The Vice President is ____ _______.
Mike Pence (R)
How do we remember the Order of Presidential Succession?
The "V" in VSP stands for...
The "S" in VSP stands for...
Speaker of the House
The "P" in VSP stands for...
What is the term length of the President?
The president can serve a maximum of ___ years, or two terms in office.
How old must a candidate be to run for President of the U.S.?
35 years old
You must be a __________-________ citizen of the U.S. to run for President.
You must be a resident of the U.S. for _____ years prior to running for President.
Name TWO things the President can do with 2/3 Senate approval.
Appoint Supreme Court Justices.
There are 4 powers of the President that do NOT require approval from Congress. One of the powers is that the President serves as __________ in ______ of the armed forces.
Commander in Chief
The President has the power to call for special sessions of ____________.
The President has the power to grant __________.
The President has the power to _______ bills. (This means "I forbid.")
What group actually elects the President?
The Electoral College
How many electoral votes must a candidate receive to be elected President?
270 Electoral Votes
Each state determines their number of electoral votes with the equation: # of _____________ + 2 ___________ = Number of Electoral Votes
# of Representatives + 2 Senators = Number of Electoral Votes
For what is the judicial branch responsible?
Interpreting the law / declaring laws unconstitutional
How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
How long may a Supreme Court Justice serve?
Who appoints/nominates Supreme Court Justices?
After being selected by the President, Supreme Court Justices must be APPROVED by 2/3 of the _______.
What are the THREE tiers of the federal court system?
What are the TWO types of cases that must start out in the Supreme Court?
Cases involving STATES & FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
What are the THREE supreme laws of the land?
The Constitution, federal/national laws & treaties
The power to review court decisions of lower courts is called _________ jurisdiction.
________ power is the power to decide legal cases in a court of law.
A _________ is a group of people selected to decide a court trial.
Article ___ outlines the relations between the states.
All states must recognize the _______ of other states.
Amendments can be PROPOSED with _____ vote in Congress or ____ vote in the state legislatures.
Amendments can be RATIFIED/APPROVED with ____ vote in Congress or ____ vote in state legislatures or conventions.
Where can bills be introduced?
House of Representatives or the Senate
What happens to a bill during final approval?
Both houses of Congress approve the bill.
During the enactment step of a bill becoming a law, the President can _______ or _____ the bill.
Sign or veto
How can Congress override a President's veto?
With 2/3 vote in Congress
In what year was the Constitution created & signed?
How many states needed to approve the Constitution for it to be ratified?
9 out of the original 13 states
List two ways the LEGISLATIVE branch checks over the executive branch.
The legislative branch can override the President's veto.
The legislative branch can impeach the President.
List two ways the LEGISLATIVE branch checks over the judicial branch.
The legislative branch can approve federal judges.
The legislative branch can impeach federal judges.
Explain how the EXECUTIVE branch checks over the judicial branch?
The President (leader of the executive branch) can appoint federal judges.
How does the JUDICIAL branch check the legislative branch?
The judicial branch (Supreme Court) can declare laws to be unconstitutional.
How does the JUDICIAL branch check the executive branch?
The judicial branch (Supreme Court) can declare executive acts to be unconstitutional.
List two ways the EXECUTIVE branch checks over the legislative branch.
The President can veto acts of Congress.
The President can call special sessions of Congress.
When is your U.S. Constitution Test?
Thursday, February 15th
You should be ___________ for your test every night!
Studying, of course! :)
I will have the chance to re-take if I earn a 74% C- or lower on the ____________ Test.
Donald Trump (R) is the 45th ___________________________.
President of the United States
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