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Copyright Law & Fair Use Guidelines
Length of time teachers can use copyrighted materials without permission.
Effect of the use of the work
Affect on the marketplace must be considered when deciding Fair Use
Fair Use Guidelines
Allow students/teachers to use copyrighted materials as long as certain criteria are met.
Internet & Copyright
Materials online ARE NOT free -- many are copyrighted and are afforded protection under copyright laws.
Does not have to be attached to show copyright -- best bet is to assume something is copyrighted unless specifically stated that it is not.
Pertains to works for which copyright no longer applies -- these works are free for anyone to use
Acknowledgment of Copyright
Citing copyright ownership -- must include: copyright ownership, ID the source, copyright notice, provisions for remote use.
Copyright Law & School
Copyright Law applies to EVERYONE, including students & teachers
Limitations - Poems
< 250 words, <3 poems by one poet, <5 poems by different poets
Limitations - Motion Pictures
<10% or 3 minutes,whichever is less
Limitations - Music
<10% or 30 seconds
Limitations - Internet
Apply for specific item type (music, text, pictures, etc...)
Limitations - Photographs
<5 by an artist/photographer
Limitations - Text
<10% or 1000 words, whichever is less
Schools may not use copyrighted materials for musical performances to make a profit, or they are in violation of copyright laws.
Can make one duplicate of software/cds, etc for BACKUP purposes only -- NOT for distribution to others.
Ideas, procedures, and concepts CANNOT be copyrighted.
Berne Convention, 1989
Outlined changes to US copyright laws that brought the US into line with much of the rest of the world.
Copyright Act was created.
Determined according to purpose & character of work, nature of work, extent of work used, effect on the marketplace.
Ownership vs. License
Software purchased is not owned by the buyer, it is licensed to the buyer for specific uses determined by the copyright owner.
Fear of embarrassment/litigation
What keeps people from violating copyright laws
Law Enforcement language
Sets parameters on behavior.
Non-law enforcement language
Focuses on goals.
How to use in school
Use only amounts outlined in the Fair Use Guidelines & cite source in bibliography.
Moral conduct/motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
Clarify the intent of a message -- :-) :-( ;-)
Hard to read, and is considered the same as shouting -- do not use in messages, emails, etc...
Frequently Asked Questions
Unnecessary cross-posting of messages
Writing when you are angry
Internet at school
Used for school purposes ONLY -- no games, personal business -- these violate network policies.
NOT on the Internet
Don't volunteer personal information online
Email & Privacy
Email is NOT private, can be monitored by others.
Keep them short and to the point