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Unit 6 New Republic
Terms in this set (36)
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Political declarations in favor of states' rights, written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, in opposition the the Alien and Sedition acts. Maintained that states could nullify federal legislation they regarded as unconstitutional
1795 treaty with Spain allowing us commercial use of the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans
War of 1812 effect
The war stopped imports from other countries so, the U.S. had to speed up its own manufacturing and industry. This helped us become economically independent from Great Britain and propelled us into the Industrial Revolution.
War of 1812 Causes
Impressment of sailors, blockades, incitement of Native Americans, Tippecanoe, War Hawks (Calhoun and Clay, expansionists, call for war).
Star Spangled Banner
Francis Scott Key's poem __________________ depicted the events he witnessed at the Battle of Fort McHenry.
U.S. soldiers at Baltimore's Fort McHenry raised a huge American flag to celebrate a crucial victory over British forces during the War of 1812. The sight of those "broad stripes and bright stars" inspired Francis Scott Key to write a song that eventually became the United States national anthem
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions
War of 1812 Effects
War reinforced belief in neutrality, increased nationalism (bad for federal gov.), US manufacturing grew when cut off from Eur. imports (especially in NE), Jackson & Harrison= war heroes
The U.S. purchased the land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from Napoleon for $15 million. Jefferson was interested in the territory because it would give the U.S. the Mississippi River and New Orleans (both were valuable for trade and shipping) and also room to expand. Napoleon wanted to sell because he needed money for his European campaigns and because a rebellion against the French in Haiti had soured him on the idea of New World colonies.
Constitution & LA Purchase
The Constitution did not give the federal government the power to buy land, so Jefferson used loose construction to justify the purchase.
Date of the Louisiana Purchase
Lewis and Clark Expedition
1804-1806 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were commissioned by Jefferson to map and explore the Louisiana Purchase region. Beginning at St. Louis, Missouri, the expedition travelled up the Missouri River to the Great Divide, and then down the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean. It produced extensive maps of the area and recorded many scientific discoveries, greatly facilitating later settlement of the region and travel to the Pacific coast.
A Shoshone woman whose language skills and knowledge of geography helped Lewis and Clark
created the precedent of judicial review (Marbury v Madison); ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
Election of 1800
Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
Leadership qualities of George Washington
Selected strong leaders, listened to different points of view, and put the countries interests above his own (civic virtue)
Federal Judiciary Act of 1789
Strengthen the federal government by creating a court system. Gave the Supreme Court 6 members and signed into law by George Washington.
Potitical Parties Origins
Disagreements between Jefferson and Hamilton about the balance of power between the federal and state governments.
A political party influenced by Alexander Hamilton that wanted to strengthen the federal government, create a nation bank, promote industry and trade (with Britian), and supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution. Supported by wealthy business men in the Northeast
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments (limited national government), emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank. Supported the common man not the rich.
Alien and Sedition Act
Laws passed by congress in 1798 that enabled the government to imprison or deport aliens and to prosecute critics of the government
Washington's Farewell Address
Encouraged neutrality in foreign affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties and discouraged national debt
George Washington precedents
Stepping down after 2 terms
Enforcing laws through force
Hamilton's Financial Plan
1. Establish U.S. credit by paying off national debt and states debts
2. Collect revenue and encourage U.S. manufacturing by imposing tariffs
3. Create a national bank and currency
4. Taxes on domestic goods
A duty imposed on imports to raise their price, making them less attractive to consumers and thus protecting domestic manufacturing from foreign competition.
Hamilton agrued that it was an implied power in the Constitution to be able to set up a national bank; he said it would give the government a safe place to keep money and make loans
Loose Interpretation of the Constitution
the national government should take all steps needed to govern the nation; means that any right not forbidden in the Constitution is granted to U.S. citizens.
Strict Interpretation of the Constitution
the national government should only have powers expressly listed in the Constitution; looking only at the literal meaning of the words in question
a statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the powers listed in the Constitution.
- something that sets a standard for future events.
- problems of, produced in, or involving one's own country or a specific country.
- the principle by which courts can declare acts of either the executive branch or the legislative
- the act of taking men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice.
- a state refuses to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress that they
- a government's strategy in dealing with other nations.
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